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Table 4 Different adiposity indicators affecting serum 25(OH)D level after being adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, sun avoidance score and systolic blood pressure a

From: Vitamin D level and its association with adiposity among multi-ethnic adults in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: a cross sectional study

  Unstandardized B
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Age 0.022 0.033 0.030 0.005
Gender −7.485** −7.461** −7.918** −7.426**
 Ethnicity     
 Chinese Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Malays −9.030** −8.512** −8.763** −9.046**
 Indians −9.550** −9.070** −9.138** −9.241**
 Others −5.473 −4.965 −5.289 −2.845
Sun avoidance score −0.047 −0.081 −0.055 0.413
Systolic blood pressure 0.001 0.013 0.011 0.011
BMI   −0.140*   
Waist circumference    −0.052*  
Fat percentage (%)     −0.016
R 2 32.0 % 32.8 % 32.6 % 32.3 %
  1. a PTH was excluded in the analysis as it is an outcome of serum 25(OH)D level
  2. ** p < 0.001, *p < 0.05
  3. Gender: Males = 1, Females = 2
  4. Model 1 = Controlled for age, gender, ethnicity, sun avoidance score, systolic blood pressure
  5. Model 2 = Model 1 + BMI
  6. Model 3 = Model 1 + Waist Circumference
  7. Model 4 = Model 1 + Fat Percentage (%)