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Table 1 Sample characteristics and prevalence of low mental well-being and life satisfaction

From: Relationships between adverse childhood experiences and adult mental well-being: results from an English national household survey

   % in the last two weeks that have never or rarely beena % with lowb
  All Feeling optimistic Feeling useful Feeling relaxed Dealing well with problems Thinking clearly Feeling close to others Able to make up own mind SWEMWBS score LS
n 3,885 3,876 3,882 3,882 3,879 3,883 3,879 3,883 3,868 3,884
All   12.9 8.4 14.5 6.2 3.5 5.3 2.5 13.0 11.6
Age group
 18–29 21.0 9.7 8.7 13.7 6.5 2.5 4.4 3.1 11.2 8.3
 30–39 19.9 8.4 7.6 16.7 6.0 3.1 4.3 2.1 11.3 8.3
 40–49 20.5 14.2 8.2 17.7 7.0 4.8 6.5 2.8 15.9 15.4
 50–59 18.0 19.5 10.0 16.2 6.4 4.7 7.3 4.0 17.1 16.6
 60–69 20.7 13.2 7.7 8.7 5.1 2.5 4.0 0.9 10.0 9.8
 P   <0.001 0.461 <0.001 0.579 0.015 0.008 0.002 <0.001 <0.001
Gender
 Male 45.0 13.7 9.3 11.6 6.0 3.2 6.1 2.8 12.7 10.8
 Female 55.0 12.2 7.7 16.9 6.4 3.7 4.6 2.3 13.3 12.2
 P   0.163 0.067 <0.001 0.549 0.397 0.041 0.318 0.604 0.156
Ethnicity
 White 86.3 12.7 8.5 14.6 6.0 3.5 5.2 2.5 12.9 11.4
 Asian 7.9 12.4 7.5 14.6 6.8 3.9 5.5 3.2 11.8 10.7
 Other 5.7 16.1 9.0 13.5 9.0 3.1 5.4 1.3 16.6 14.4
 P   0.321 0.794 0.896 0.178 0.887 0.973 0.384 0.226 0.363
IMD Quintile
 (least deprived)1 20.1 7.4 5.5 13.3 4.1 1.9 3.5 1.7 8.2 7.4
 2 19.5 12.1 6.5 15.0 5.7 3.0 3.3 1.6 10.6 8.8
 3 19.7 12.6 8.0 13.0 6.6 3.8 4.7 2.5 12.4 8.2
 4 19.9 13.6 8.5 14.9 7.0 3.9 6.0 3.4 14.6 14.2
 (most deprived) 5 20.7 18.5 13.4 16.4 7.7 4.7 8.7 3.5 19.1 18.8
 P   <0.001 <0.001 0.291 0.033 0.034 <0.001 0.036 <0.001 <0.001
ACE count
 0 53.6 10.7 6.5 10.9 4.8 2.5 3.3 2.0 9.5 7.9
 1 22.7 12.9 6.9 14.1 5.7 3.5 4.9 2.4 12.1 11.7
 2–3 15.4 15.3 11.7 20.1 8.2 4.2 8.6 3.5 17.2 16.1
 4+ 8.3 22.3 18.9 28.8 13.3 8.0 13.0 4.6 30.7 26.6
 P   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.012 <0.001 <0.001
  1. aVariables represent the individual component questions in the SWEMWBS scale. bSWEMWBS (Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale) score <23; LS (life satisfaction) rating <6