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Table 6 Relationship between objective measurements of the neighborhood environment and children’s moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity before and after school, and on the weekends

From: Perceived and objective neighborhood support for outside of school physical activity in South African children

Objective measurements MVPA
Before After Weekend
β (SE)a P-value for main effect P-value for SES interaction β (SE)a P-value for main effect P-value for SES interaction β (SE)a P-value for main effect P-value for SES interaction
Unsafe neighborhood (crime rates) −0.53 (0.34) 0.121 0.582 −2.72 (1.35) 0.044 0.021 −2.44 (2.43) 0.315 0.661
Traffic risk (motor vehicle accidents) −0.35 (0.33) 0.288 0.379 −2.63 (1.26) 0.038 0.048 −1.89 (2.26) 0.404 0.831
Availability of PA facilitiesb −0.06 (0.05) 0.267 0.935 −0.03 (0.21) 0.893 0.288 −0.44 (0.38) 0.248 0.090
  1. Data reported as beta coefficient and SE
  2. PA physical activity, MVPA moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity, SES socio-economic status
  3. aAssociations between each independent variable and the dependent variable, adjusted for child age and sex, SES, and clustering by school
  4. bThe actual number of PA facilities within 500 m from home objectively measured using Geographic Information Systems. Values in bold indicate significance (p < 0.05)