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Table 2 Comparison of selected characteristics between women with skin lesions and women without skin lesions

From: A cross sectional study of anemia and iron deficiency as risk factors for arsenic-induced skin lesions in Bangladeshi women

Characteristic Controls (n = 72) Cases (n = 75) p value
Variables n Mean ± SD n Mean ± SD  
  Age (years) 72   25.7 ± 5.3 75   25.4 ± 4.8 0.99 (0.93, 1.05)
  Hemoglobin (g/L) 71   128.9 ± 10.1 75   123.9 ± 14.5 0.72 (0.55, 0.95)
   Median ± IQR   Median ± IQR  
  Ferritin (μg/L) 72   27.35 ± 35.5 75   29.4 ± 39.7 1.14 (0.80, 1.61)
  hs-CRP (mg/L) 63   0.71 ± 2.44 71   1.11 ± 2.57 1.20 (0.92, 1.55)
  Water As (μg/L) 72   14.5 ± 48.4 74   37.7 ± 268.0 1.04 (0.92, 1.19)
  Toenail As (μg/g) 71   1.58 ± 1.65 74   3.38 ± 8.55 1.88 (1.32, 2.68)
   %   %  
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)
  <18.5 15   20.8 29   38.7 3.38 (0.85, 13.41)
  18.5–24.9 50   69.4 42   56.0 2.30 (1.09, 4.85)
  ≥25 7   9.7 4   5.3 Ref.
Marital Status
  Single/Unmarried 17   23.6 20   26.7 Ref.
  Ever Married 55   76.4 55   73.3 0.85 (0.40, 1.79)
Education
  No formal education 23   31.9 30   40.0 1.74 (0.86, 3.52)
  Primary 5   6.94 12   16.0 0.54 (0.17, 1.76)
  Secondary and above 44   61.11 33   44.0 Ref.
Chews betel nut
  No 64   88.9 67   90.5 Ref.
  Yes 8   11.1 7   9.5 1.05 (0.37, 2.96)
Water Arsenic
  ≤10 ug/L 30   41.7 35   46.7 Ref.
  10–50 ug/L 24   33.3 10   13.3 2.80 (1.16, 6.78)
  >50 ug/L 18   25.0 30   40.0 0.70 (0.33, 1.50)_
Inflammation
  No (hs-CRP <10 mg/L) 65   90.3 68   90.7 Ref.
  Yes (hs-CRP ≥10 mg/L) 7   9.7 7   9.3 1.05 (0.35, 3.15)
Iron depletion
  No (ferritin >12 μg/L) 58   80.6 62   82.7 Ref.
  Yes (ferritin ≤12 μg/L) 14   19.4 13   17.3 1.15 (0.50, 2.66)
Iron depletion w/inflammation
  No 55   76.4 59   78.7 Ref.
  Yes (ferritin ≤50 μg/L) 17   23.6 16   21.3 1.15 (0.50, 2.66)
Anemia
  No (hemoglobin ≥120 g/L) 64   88.9 56   74.7 Ref.
  Yes (hemoglobin <120 g/L) 8   11.1 19   25.3 2.71 (1.10, 6.68)