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Table 1 Initial coding template

From: What is positive youth development and how might it reduce substance use and violence? A systematic review and synthesis of theoretical literature

Themes Codes and sub codes
Definition of PYD interventions PYD versus prevention science/traditional youth programmes
Definition in terms of developmental assets versus programme atmosphere
Characteristics of programmes
Taxonomy Individual versus environment/community emphasis
Pro-social development versus critical conscious raising
General ‘pile up’ of assets versus specific ‘molecular’ effects of specific assets on specific outcomes
Mechanism of action Action on risk of SU/violence
Action on thriving
Possible moderation by context Moderation by person/population
Moderation by setting