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Table 1 Comparisons of characteristics of FEWs with a lower and higher level of psychological distress

From: HIV risk and psychological distress among female entertainment workers in Cambodia: a cross-sectional study

Socio-economic characteristics Total Total GHQ-12 score
(n = 657) ≤3 (n = 373) >3 (n = 284) p-value*
Provinces     0.25
 Phnom Penh 516 (78.5) 287 (76.9) 229 (80.6)  
 Siem Reap 141 (21.5) 86 (23.1) 55 (19.4)  
Mean age (in year) 25.6 ± 5.5 25.8 ± 5.4 25.4 ± 5.5 0.40
Years of formal education completed 6.4 ± 3.1 6.1 ± 3.3 6.6 ± 3.0 0.06
Marital status     0.04
 Never married 290 (44.1) 152 (40.8) 138 (48.6)  
 Married and living together 188 (28.6) 121 (32.4) 67 (23.6)  
 Divorced/separated/widowed 179 (27.2) 100 (26.8) 79 (27.8)  
Currently place of employment     0.84
 Karaoke bar 292 (44.4) 169 (45.3) 123 (43.3)  
 Restaurant 201 (30.6) 111 (29.8) 90 (31.7)  
 Othera 164 (25.0) 93 (24.9) 71 (25.0)  
Average monthly income (in USD) 220 ± 207 222 ± 245 218 ± 147 0.82
Working duration in this careerb 28.2 ± 32.6 30.2 ± 34.6 25.9 ± 30.6 0.10
Working duration for current venueb 18.0 ± 25.0 19.5 ± 25.4 16.4 ± 24.6 0.12
Tested for HIV in the past 6 months 347 (52.8) 206 (55.2) 141 (49.6) 0.16
Self-perception of HIV risk compared to the general population   0.002
 Higher 148 (22.5) 64 (17.2) 84 (29.6)  
 Same 92 (14.0) 56 (15.0) 36 (12.7)  
 Lower 337 (51.3) 207 (55.5) 130 (45.8)  
 Don’t know 80 (12.2) 46 (12.3) 34 (12.0)  
Self-rated overall health   <0.001
 Good 533 (81.1) 328 (87.9) 205 (72.2)  
 Poor 124 (18.9) 45 (12.1) 79 (27.8)  
Self-rated quality of life     <0.001
 Good 547 (83.3) 339 (90.9) 208 (73.2)  
 Poor 110 (16.7) 34 (9.1) 76 (26.8)  
Ever thought to commit suicide 128 (19.5) 45 (12.1) 83 (29.2) <0.001
Ever attempted to commit suicide 48 (7.3) 17 (4.6) 31 (10.9) 0.08
  1. Abbreviations: FEWs female entertainment workers, GHQ general health questionnaire
  2. Values are number (%) for categorical variables and mean ± SD for continuous variables
  3. *Chi-square test was used for categorical variables and Student’s t-test was used for continuous variables
  4. aOther included beer gardens, night clubs, bars, massage parlors, streets, etc
  5. bIn months