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Table 2 Characteristics of pre-intervention pregnant women/mothers and post-intervention mothers

From: Knowledge, attitude and practices: assessing maternal and child health care handbook intervention in Vietnam

  Pre-intervention in 2011a Post-intervention in 2013b
Pregnant womenc (N = 800) Mothers of children <3 years of aged (N = 800) Dien Bien (n = 200) Hoa Binh (n = 200) Thanh Hoa (n = 210) An Giang (n = 200) Total (N = 810)
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age
 15-34 years of age 735 (92 %) 628 (78 %) 185 (93 %) 190 (95 %) 177 (84 %) 178 (89 %) 730 (90 %)
  > 34 years of age 65 (8 %) 172 (22 %) 15 (8 %) 10 (5 %) 33 (16 %) 22 (11 %) 80 (10 %)
Ethnicity
 Kinh 475 (59 %) 500 (63 %) 61 (31 %) 39 (20 %) 201 (96 %) 200 (100 %) 501 (61.9 %)
 Ethnic minority 325 (41 %) 300 (37 %) 139 (70 %) 161 (81 %) 9 (4 %) 0 (0 %) 309 (38.1 %)
Vietnamese-speaking ability
 Fluent 760 (95 %) 765 (96 %) 190 (95 %) 198 (99 %) 210 (100 %) 200 (100 %) 798 (99 %)
 Not fluent/unable to speak 40 (5 %) 35 (4 %) 10 (5 %) 2 (1 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 12 (1 %)
Education
 No school education 59 (7 %) 25 (3 %) 14 (7 %) 1 (1 %) 0 (0 %) 4 (2 %) 19 (2 %)
 Primary school 144 (18 %) 134 (17 %) 32 (16 %) 12 (6 %) 3 (1 %) 42 (21 %) 89 (11 %)
 Secondary school 322 (40 %) 297 (37 %) 58 (29 %) 65 (33 %) 57 (27 %) 80 (40 %) 260 (32 %)
 High school 174 (22 %) 254 (32 %) 65 (33 %) 91 (46 %) 84 (40 %) 52 (26 %) 292 (36 %)
 Vocational school or higher 101 (13 %) 90 (11 %) 31 (16 %) 31 (16 %) 65 (31 %) 22 (11 %) 149 (18 %)
Economic status
 Non-poor 619 (77 %) 684 (86 %) 170 (85 %) 71 (71 %) 89 (89 %) 183 (92 %) 513 (86 %)
 Poor/near-poor 181 (23 %) 116 (14 %) 30 (15 %) 29 (29 %) 11 (11 %) 17 (9 %) 87 (15 %)
  1. [Remarks]
  2. aPre-intervention baseline data had been collected also in Dien, Bien, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa and An Giang provinces in 2011, prior to the launching MCH Handbook intervention [14]
  3. bMothers of children who were born between January 2012 and January 2013 [as of July-August 2013 after MCH Handbook intervention]
  4. cPregnant women whose expected dates of delivery were between January and December 2012, for comparison with post-intervention mothers on antenatal care visits
  5. dMothers of children <3 years of age as of 2011, for comparison with post-intervention mothers on breastfeeding practices