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Table 3 Determinants of uptake of vaccinations in general and for specific vaccines, multivariate logistic regressiona

From: Determinants of tetanus, pneumococcal and influenza vaccination in the elderly: a representative cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP)

  Any vaccinationb   Tetanusc   Influenzad   Pneumococcale  
Nagelkerkes r2 39.0 % 24.8 % 55.7 % 49.3 %
  OR (95 % CI) p-value OR (95 % CI) p-value OR (95 % CI) p-value OR (95 % CI) p-value
Variable     
Knowledge-related variables     
 Recommendation diphtheria- vaccination, spontaneous 3.7 (2.0–6.9) <0.001       
 Recommendation pneumococcal-vaccination, spontaneous        4.5 (2.2–9.0) <0.001
 Recommendation influenza vaccination if asked 2.0 (1.3–2.9) <0.01       
 Recommendation influenza-vaccination-time interval upon request      4.2 (2.4–7.4) <0.001   
 Recommendation pneumococcal vaccination if asked        17.1 (9.5–30.7) <0.001
Attitude-related variables     
 Attitude towards vaccinations -neutral 2.4 (1.3–4.2) <0.01    2.1 (0.8–5.6) 0.1   
 -(rather) positive 2.7 (1.5–4.7) <0.01    3.4 (1.3–8.9) 0.01   
 Vaccination due to physician recommendation      3.1 (2.1–4.7) <0.001   
 Vaccination due to familiy member recommendation      19.8 (4.8–82.1) <0.001   
 Vaccination due to travel      2.5 (1.6–3.7) <0.001   
 Vaccination to protect others      3.6 (1.7–7.5) <0.01   
 Vaccination due to media information    3.9 (2.9–5.3) <0.001     
 Vaccination due to occupational exposure    3.3 (2.2–5.1) <0.001     
 Barrier to influenza vaccine uptake: fear of needles    0.3 (0.1–0.8) 0.02     
 Perceived importance of pneumococcal-vaccination        5.7 (2.8–11.4) <0.001
 Perceived importance of Influenza-vaccination 1.8 (1.2–2.9) <0.01    23.0 (14.9–35.3) <0.001   
 Perceived importance of Tetanus-vaccination    18.1 (4.5–71.8) <0.001     
Practice-related variables     
 Possession of vaccination record 4.5 (2.7–7.4) <0.001       
 Refusal of some vaccination 0.6 (0.4–0.9) 0.02       
 Intention to get influenza-vaccination 6.9 (4.0–12.0) <0.001       
 Receipt of annual influenza vaccination 1.9 (1.2–2.8) <0.01       
 Receipt of Tetanus-vaccination in previous 5 years      3.0 (2.0–4.5) <0.001 2.1 (1.2–3.9) 0.02
 Influenza-vaccination in previous 5 years    3.9 (3.0–5.2) <0.001    7.4 (3.6–15.1) <0.001
 Pneumococcal-vaccination in previous 5 years      3.8 (1.8–8.3) 0.001   
 Interaction: sex- perceived infromation level women: 0.4 (0.2–0.7) <0.01 men: 2.3 (1.4–3.6) <0.001     
  1. aonly variables with a significant association in the final models are shown badjusted for sex, perceived information level and recommendation by physician, cadjusted for sex and perceived information level, dadjusted for recommendation by physician and subjective rated health status, eadjusted for place of residence