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Table 2 Implementation of school health improvement activities by schools throughout Wales (n = 67)

From: Variations in schools’ commitment to health and implementation of health improvement activities: a cross-sectional study of secondary schools in Wales

    Number Percentage
Nutrition Healthy eating policy No policy 9 13.4
Policy in development 10 14.9
Written policy 12 17.9
Covering extracurricular activity or food brought in 14 20.9
Covering extracurricular activity and food brought in 22 32.8
Healthy food promoted in canteen No 3 4.5
Sometimes 15 22.4
Always 49 73.1
Extra-curricular nutrition education programmes None 13 19.4
Adhoc events 27 40.3
Regularly 27 40.3
Parents invited to take part in these programmes Never 25 46.3
Rarely 10 18.5
Sometimes 16 29.6
Always 3 5.6
Physical activity PE time within curriculum (Year 9) <60 min 5 7.6
60–89 min 10 15.2
90–119 min 25 37.9
>120 min 26 39.4
PE time within curriculum (Year 10) <60 min 12 18.2
60–89 min 36 54.5
90–119 min 9 13.6
>120 min 9 13.6
Number of days extracurricular sports offered 1 to 2 4 6.1
3 to 4 22 33.3
5 40 60.6
Number of strategies to promote active travel Median and IQR 3 (2 to 4)
Number of sport facilities available for PE Median and IQR 7 (5 to 8)
Number of sport facilities available at lunchtime Median and IQR 6 (4 to 7)
Number of sport facilities available after school Median and IQR 6 (5 to 7)
  Involvement of parents in delivery of extracurricular PA Yes 9 13.4
  Partnerships with families to promote PA Yes 11 16.4
Substance use Presence of written smoking policy No 9 13.4
In development 2 3.0
Yes - reviewed less than annually 31 46.3
Yes - reviewed annually 25 37.3
Coverage of smoke-free policy On school grounds during school hours 54 80.6
  On school grounds outside of school hours 43 64.2
  Private vehicles on school grounds 30 44.8
  School events off school grounds 45 67.2
Substance education to all years Tobacco 44 65.7
Alcohol 45 67.2
Drugs 51 76.1
Emotional health Written policy on mental health and wellbeing No 24 35.8
In development 15 22.4
Yes - reviewed less than annually 11 16.4
Yes - reviewed annually 17 25.4
Not stated 4 6.0
Policies on bullying
Yes (in mental health policy) 20 29.9
Yes (in another policy) 43 64.2
Cyber bullying included within bullying policy? Yes 59 93.7
  1 6 10.5
Number of year groups received sex and relationships education 2 12 21.1
3 8 14.0
4 7 12.3
5 24 42.1
Personal and social education Weekly time committed to PSE (Year 8 and 9) None 3 4.8
less than 30 min 3 4.8
30–59 min 39 62.9
60–89 min 16 25.8
90 min or more 1 1.6
Weekly time committed to PSE (Year 10) None 2 3.2
less than 30 min 5 8.1
30–59 min 31 50.0
60–89 min 19 30.7
90 min or more 5 8.1