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Table 1 3-level multivariate logistic regression model of the self-reported adverse health impacts when it is very hot and humid in summer: fixed part

From: A multilevel analysis to explain self-reported adverse health effects and adaptation to urban heat: a cross-sectional survey in the deprived areas of 9 Canadian cities

Fixed part M0 a M00 b M000 c M000:1 d M000:12 e
β (ES)f,g β (ES)f,g β (ES)f,g β (ES)f,g β (ES)f,g
Constant −0,103 (0,034)**** −0,135 (0,038)**** −0,120 (0,046)*** −0,571 (0,193)** −0,678 (0,213)***
ADDITION OF INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL COVARIABLES   
Self-reported diagnoses of chronic diseases:   
 ≥2 diagnoses (vs none) 1.010 (0.110)**** 1.014 (0.110)****
 1 diagnosis (vs none) 0.325 (0.105)*** 0.327 (0.105)***
Long-term leave for illness or disability (vs no) 0.825 (0.130)*** 0.837 (0.131)***
Health problems due to air quality within the dwelling in the opinion of the respondents (vs no) 0.737 (0.164)**** 0.740 (0.164)****
Female gender (vs no) 0.455 (0.086)**** 0.454 (0.086)****
Rather or extremely stressed most of the time (vs no) 0.377 (0.096)**** 0.375 (0.096)****
Air conditioning at home (vs no) 0.356 (0.082)**** 0.352 (0.082)****
Neighbourhood perceived as fairly or heavily polluted due to the density of urban traffic (vs no) 0.329 (0.096)**** 0.325 (0.096)****
Adaptation index (other than with air conditioning in the dwelling) when it is very hot and humid in summer (continuous) −0.310 (0.047)**** −0.309 (0.047)****
Perceived need for more infrastructure or services in dwelling neighbourhood to adapt better when it is very hot and humid in summer:   
 Yes, in urban planning (vs no) 0.265 (0.133)** 0.261 (0.133)**
 Yes, in other areas such as public transport (vs no) 0.084 (0.092) 0.087 (0.092)
No physical activity in the past 3 months (vs yes) 0.249 (0.093)** 0.248 (0.093)**
Age   
 18–44 (vs ≥ 65 years) 0.016 (0.130) 0.014 (0.129)
 45–64 (vs ≥ 65 years) 0.222 (0.114)* 0.226 (0.114)*
≥2 caregivers in the last year living < 80 km from the dwelling but not in the same neighbourhood (vs < 2) −0.217 (0.086)** −0.220 (0.086)**
Satisfaction with the indoor temperature of dwelling in summer:   
 Not centered (continuous) −0.421 (0.041)**  
 Centered on the building average (continuous)   −0.475 (0.059)**
Addition of building-level covariables   
By building, average satisfaction with the indoor temperature of dwelling (continuous)   −0.375 (0.055)**
  1. aM0 = 1-level null model (individuals, I). bM00 = 2-levels null model (I + buildings, B). cM000 = 3-level null model (I + B + DA). dM000:1 = 3-level model with covariables of individual-level. eM000:12 = 3-level model with covariables of individual-level and building-level. fβ (ES): estimated β coefficient (standard error). gValues p: ****: p ≤0.0001; ***: p ≤0.001; **: p ≤0.01; *: p ≤0.05