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Table 1 Characteristics of respondents and health behaviors

From: Association of household income and education with eating behaviors in Japanese adults: a cross-sectional study

Variables Group Total Men Women P value
n = 3137 n = 1580 n = 1557
n % n % n %
Basic characteristics of study subjects
Gender Men 1580 50.4      
Women 1557 49.6      
Age 30–39 1072 34.2 540 34.2 532 34.2 0.926
40–49 1117 35.6 567 35.9 550 35.3  
50–59 948 30.2 473 29.9 475 30.5  
Marital status Not marriedb 1249 39.8 736 46.6 513 32.9 <0.001***
Married 1888 60.2 844 53.4 1044 67.1  
Residence status Not living together 555 17.7 365 23.1 190 12.2 <0.001***
Living together 2582 82.3 1215 76.9 1367 87.8  
Employment statusa Employed 2308 73.6 1405 88.9 903 58.0 <0.001***
Not employed 829 26.4 175 11.1 654 42.0  
Household income <3,000,000 JPY 984 31.4 501 31.7 483 31.0 0.862
3,000,000–7,000,000 JPY 1293 41.2 644 40.8 649 41.7  
>7,000,000 JPY 860 27.4 435 27.5 425 27.3  
Educational status Junior high/high school 830 26.5 412 26.1 418 26.8 <0.001***
Two-year college 866 27.6 257 16.3 609 39.1  
4-year college/graduate school 1441 45.9 911 57.7 530 34.0  
Health behaviors         
Smoking behavior Nonsmokers 2485 79.2 1138 72.0 1347 86.5 <0.001***
Current smokers 652 20.8 442 28.0 210 13.5  
Drinking habits Nondaily 1213 38.7 437 27.7 776 49.8 <0.001***
Drinking 1924 61.3 1143 72.3 781 50.2  
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001
  2. aNot married: single, separated, or divorced
  3. bChi-square test