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Table 3 Protective and risk factors of health outcomes

From: A meta-analysis of the impacts of internal migration on child health outcomes in China

Protective/Risk factors Outcomes No. of studies Correlation Heterogeneity
Q df p I
Academic performance Negative mental outcomes 2 −0.293 [−0357, −0.226]; p < 0.05 6.504 2 0.000 69.249
Parent–child relationship Positive mental outcomes 5 0.141 [0.047, 0.233]; p < 0.05 18.079 4 0.000 77.875
Negative mental outcomes 1 −0.019 [−0.233, 0.196]; p > 0.05 0 0 1 0
Peer support Positive mental outcomes 4 0.106 [0.034, 0.177]; p < 0.05 0.468 3 0.926 0
Negative mental outcomes 2 0.002 [−0.066, 0.071]; p > 0.05 1.971 1 0.160 49.264
Teacher-student relationship Positive mental outcomes 6 0.241 [0.129, 0.347]; p < 0.05 35.743 4 0.000 88.81
Negative mental outcomes 3 −0.125 [−0.175, −0.075]; p < 0.05 3.391 2 0.183 41.023
Discrimination Positive mental outcomes 3 −0.338 [−0.462, −0.201]; p < 0.05 4.774 2 0.000 58.104
Negative mental outcomes 5 0.255 [0.138, 0.365]; p < 0.05 36.381 4 0.000 89.005