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Table 2 Percentage change in amount of each food group purchased following each tax scenario

From: Simulating the impact on health of internalising the cost of carbon in food prices combined with a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages

Food group Percentage change in amount purchased for each scenario
A B C D
Milk 0.01 (−0.04 to 0.05) 5.36 (5.32 to 5.94) 0.02 (−0.04 to 0.09) 5.65 (5.35 to 5.96)
Other milk products 0.03 (−0.21 to 0.27) 0.55 (−0.11 to 1.21) 0.10 (−0.27 to 0.47) 0.69 (0.18 to 1.18)
Cream 0.00 (−0.00 to 0.01) −2.94 (−2.06 to −1.43) 0.01 (−0.01 to 0.02) −2.94 (−4.16 to −1.75)
Cheese 0.01 (−0.04 to 0.05) −1.75 (−2.02 to 0.05) 0.02 (−0.05 to 0.09) −1.72 (−2.03 to −1.41)
Eggs 0.01 (−0.26 to 0.27) −3.00 (−4.54 to −1.61) −0.08 (−0.31 to 0.49) −2.85 (−4.29 to −1.52)
Pork 12.10 (10.73 to 13.46) 12.24 (10.88 to 13.60) 12.13 (10.76 to 13.49) 12.30 (10.94 to 13.65)
Beef −21.26 (−23.52 to −18.97) −20.71 (−23.03 to −18.39) −21.15 (−23.40 to −18.86) −20.50 (−22.75 to −18.23)
Poultry 9.80 (7.70 to 11.86) 10.01 (7.90 to 12.09) 9.84 (7.74 to 11.90) 10.10 (8.01 to 12.17)
Lamb −16.62 (−19.99 to −13.31) −16.49 (−19.88 to −13.19) −16.60 (−19.95 to −13.29) −16.43 (−19.80 to −13.14)
Other meat −11.60 (−13.23 to −9.94) −11.58 (−13.20 to −9.92) −11.60 (−13.22 to −9.93) −11.57 (−13.19 to −9.91)
Fish 2.01 (−2.66 to 6.91) 2.66 (−1.95 to 7.47) 2.14 (−2.53 to 7.03) 2.91 (−1.67 to 7.69)
Bread, cereals, flour 5.67 (5.40 to 5.95) 7.50 (7.21 to 7.79) 5.60 (5.32 to 5.88) 7.36 (7.09 to 7.62)
Cakes, buns, pastries, biscuits 7.29 (6.88 to 7.72) 7.52 (7.06 to 7.99) 7.19 (6.78 to 7.62) 7.33 (6.90 to 7.77)
Animal fats −17.53 (−18.78 to −16.20) −20.31 (−21.97 to −18.53) −17.62 (−17.86 to −16.28) −20.47 (−22.13 to −18.71)
Vegetable fats −1.61 (−2.41 to −0.87) −4.37 (−5.69 to −3.08) −1.72 (−2.51 to −0.96) −4.56 (−5.87 to−3.29)
Sugar and preserves −1.72 (−4.15 to 0.78) −2.23 (−4.89 to 0.56) −1.72 (−4.15 to 0.78) −2.23 (−4.90 to 0.56)
Sweets 5.62 (4.14 to 7.18) 4.66 (2.72 to 6.96) 5.44 (3.95 to 6.99) 4.32 (2.47 to 6.48)
Tinned and dried fruit and nuts 0.00 (−0.20 to 0.21) −2.29 (−2.80 to −1.73) 0.38 (0.07 to 0.70) −1.58 (−2.06 to −1.08)
Fresh fruit 0.00 (−0.24 to 0.25) 2.25 (1.70 to 2.82) 0.45 (0.09 to 0.81) 3.12 (2.74 to 3.50)
Potatoes −0.04 (−0.11 to 0.02) 3.15 (2.94 to 3.37) −0.07 (−0.16 to 0.02) 3.10 (2.92 to 3.29)
Canned veg −0.04 (−0.10 to 0.02) 0.11 (−0.06 to 0.29) −0.07 (−0.15 to 0.02) 0.06 (−0.09 to 0.21)
Fresh veg −0.09 (−0.22 to 0.04) 0.14 (0.81 to 1.48) −0.14 (−0.33 to 0.03) 1.03 (0.78 to 1.29)
Fruit juice 0.55 (0.32 to 0.78) 11.71 (3.51 to 19.89) 5.17 (2.17 to 8.11) 16.54 (14.99 to 18.01)
Soft drinks, concentrated, low calorie 1.74 (1.28 to 2.22) 75.29 (66.13 to 86.23) −1.87 (−7.21 to 3.68) 76.39 (59.34 to 94.93)
Soft drinks, not concentrated, low calorie 0.63 (0.44 to 0.82) 18.88 (15.18 to 22.51) 1.97 (−0.37 to 4.29) 20.29 (13.89 to 26.65)
Soft drinks, concentrated, not low calorie −0.03 (−0.10 to 0.05) 17.42 (12.13 to 22.93) −10.47 (−13.35 to −7.61) −26.24 (−35.75 to −16.79)
Soft drinks, not concentrated, not low calorie 0.44 (0.29 to 0.58) 5.96 (0.79 to 10.44) −17.47 (−19.93 to −15.06) −24.80 (−32.59 to −17.60)
Non-coffee drinks 0.10 (−0.08 to 0.29) −27.68 (−35.55 to −20.01) 17.23 (14.42 to 20.15) 5.20 (3.94 to 6.45)
Coffee drinks −0.74 (−0.85 to −0.64) −16.67 (−23.87 to −9.64) 8.90 (6.45 to 11.42) 1.86 (0.52 to 3.17)
Beer −0.85 (−1.14 to −0.58) −1.07 (−1.58 to −0.57) −0.85 (−1.25 to −0.46) −1.06 (−1.35 to −0.77)
Wine −0.45 (−0.76 to −0.14) 1.23 (0.67 to 1.79) −0.45 (−0.88 to 0.00) 1.23 (0.95 to 1.51)
Other alcohol −1.70 (−2.64 to −0.77) 0.79 (−0.86 to 2.43) −1.69 (−3.02 to −0.34) 0.80 (0.03 to 1.58)
  1. 95 % credible intervals in parentheses