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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and tobacco-related factors of 547 male smokers in two groups

From: Effectiveness of additional follow-up telephone counseling in a smoking cessation clinic in Beijing and predictors of quitting among Chinese male smokers

  FC (N = 149) FCF (N = 398) P-value
Demographic characteristics    
Age (years) mean(SD) 41.1(10.2) 41.0(11.5) 0.89
Age (years) number (%) N (%) N (%)  
  < 31 22 (14.8) 78 (19.6) 0.26
 31–40 48 (32.2) 126 (31.7)  
 41–50 54 (36.2) 114 (28.6)  
  > 50 25 (16.8) 80 (20.1)  
Marital status    
 Married 134 (89.9) 345 (86.7) 0.31
 Single or divorced 15 (10.1) 53 (13.3)  
Education    
 College and above 93 (62.4) 232 (58.3) 0.38
 High school and below 56 (37.6) 166 (41.7)  
Occupation    
 Currently employed 118 (79.2) 318 (79.9) 0.86
 Student/unemployed/retired/others 31 (20.8) 80 (20.1)  
Family income per month (Yuan, U.S.$1 = 6 Yuan)    
  < 3000 58 (38.9) 145 (36.4) 0.70
 3000 ~ 6000 37 (24.8) 113 (28.4)  
  > 6000 54 (36.2) 140 (35.2)  
Tobacco related factors    
Age at initiation of smoking (years)    
  < 18 48 (32.2) 135 (33.9) 0.71
  ≥ 18 101 (67.8) 263 (66.1)  
Cigarettes smoked on average daily (cig/d)    
  ≥ 20 96 (64.4) 241 (60.6) 0.70
 10–19 40 (26.8) 117 (29.4)  
 <10 13 (8.7) 40 (10.1)  
Smoking duration (years)    
  < 20 59 (39.6) 175 (44.0) 0.36
 ≥20 90 (60.4) 223 (56.0)  
Prior attempts to quit smoking    
 0 33 (22.1) 102 (25.6) 0.40
  ≥ 1 116 (77.9) 296 (74.4)  
Fagerström test score    
 Severe (6–10) 65 (43.6) 181 (45.5) 0.41
 Moderate (4–5) 42 (28.2) 91 (22.9)  
 Low (0–3) 42 (28.2) 126 (31.7)  
Exhaled CO level at first visit (mean:12 ppm)    
  ≥ 12 69 (46.3) 193 (48.5) 0.65
  < 12 80 (53.7) 205 (51.5)  
Stage of quitting smoking    
 Contemplation 43 (28.9) 91 (22.9) 0.35
 Preparation 51 (34.2) 146 (36.7)  
 Action 55 (36.9) 161 (40.5)  
Perceived importance of quitting (mean score:86)    
  < 86 63 (42.3) 165 (41.5) 0.86
  ≥ 86 86 (57.7) 233 (58.5)  
Perceived difficulty in quitting (mean score:73)    
  ≥ 73 108 (72.5) 209 (52.5) <0.001
  < 73 41 (27.5) 189 (47.5)  
Perceived confidence in quitting (mean score:68)    
  < 68 65 (43.6) 184 (46.2) 0.59
  ≥ 68 84 (56.4) 214 (53.8)  
Expenditure on cigarettes per day, Yuan (mean:20)    
  < 20 76 (51.0) 185 (46.5) 0.35
  ≥ 20 73 (49.0) 213 (53.5)  
Willingness to pay for quitting, Yuan (mean:2000)    
  < 2000 89 (59.7) 198 (49.7) 0.04
  ≥ 2000 60 (40.3) 200 (50.3)  
Perceived health status at the first visit    
 Fair / poor / very poor 93 (62.4) 270 (67.8) 0.23
 Very good / good 56 (37.6) 128 (32.2)  
Number of other smokers in household    
 0 123 (82.6) 323 (81.2) 0.71
  ≥ 1 26 (17.4) 75 (18.8)  
Medical advice to quit 48 (32.2) 139 (34.9) 0.55
Had doctor diagnosed tobacco related chronic diseases 75 (50.3) 215 (54.0) 0.44
Current drinkers 106 (71.1) 274 (68.8) 0.60