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Table 4 Cardiovascular risk factors in quintiles of vigorous physical activity

From: Physical activity guidelines and cardiovascular risk in children: a cross sectional analysis to determine whether 60 minutes is enough

Whole cohort Number VPA MPA Sedentary MPA/VPA ratio CCVD risk At risk (%) OR Fat % FMD% SBP VO2max E/A ratio
1 36 11 (2)a 27 (10)a 632 (91) 2.5 (0.8)a 1.31 (3.26)a 34.5 %a 4.7a 31.9 (1.2)a 8.4 (3.8) 106 (12) 42.3 (6.7)a 2.0 (0.3)
2 37 17 (2)a 34 (8)a 613 (64) 2.0 (0.5)a 0.23 (2.93) 20.7 % 2.1 29.3 (1.0)a 9.5 (4.9) 104 (12) 43.6 (5.3)a 2.2 (0.4)
3 36 22 (2)a 36 (7)a 603 (69) 1.6 (0.3) −0.40 (2.81) 17.2 % 1.6 27.1 (1.0) 8.3 (3.7) 105 (9) 46.7 (6.7) 2.3 (0.6)
4 37 29 (2)a 43 (11)a 587 (56) 1.5 (0.4) −0.06 (2.58) 17.2 % 1.7 27.5 (1.0)a 9.1 (4.2) 108 (12) 46.9 (6.9) 2.0 (0.3)
5 36 45 (14) 56 (13) 587 (303) 1.3 (0.3) −1.22 (2.71) 10.3 % 1 22.4 (1.3) 9.3 (4.0) 106 (11) 51.0 (5.8) 2.1 (0.5)
Boys              
 1 15 13 (2)a 30 (11)a 613 (72) 2.3 (0.8)a 1.11 (3.38) 36.4 % 7.4 30.0 (7.0) 8.8 (4.5) 105 (13) 47.5 (6.1) 1.9 (0.3)
 2 16 20 (2)a 39 (6)a 590 (73) 1.9 (0.3)a 0.25 (2.63) 18.8 % 3.0 27.4 (6.5) 9.0 (4.0) 106 (11) 47.1 (7.2) 2.3 (0.6)
 3 15 28 (3)a 42 (11)a 586 (22) 1.5 (0.3) −0.20 (2.68) 15.4 % 2.4 24.7 (7.2) 7.3 (3.7) 111 (13) 50.8 (5.7) 2.1 (0.4)
 4 16 36 (2)a 51 (9)a 675 (42) 1.4 (0.2) −0.72 (3.04) 14.3 % 2.2 23.7 (6.9) 10.0 (5.3) 108 (10) 49.7 (5.5) 2.2 (0.5)
 5 15 50 (9) 63 (14) 530 (48) 1.3 (0.2) −1.56 (2.56) 7.1 % 1 20.2 (5.4) 9.6 (3.7) 110 (11) 53.0 (6.1) 2.2 (0.4)
Girls              
 1 21 10 (2)a 25 (8)a 652 (99)a 2.5 (0.8)a 0.51 (3.16) 27.8 % 6.2 29.6 (6.8) 8.9 (4.0) 107 (11) 42.3 (5.9) 2.1 (0.3)
 2 21 15 (1)a 33 (9)a 625 (75) 2.2 (0.6)a 0.98 (3.73) 30.0 % 6.9 32.2 (6.3)a 8.3 (3.9) 103 (14) 40.7 (5.9) 2.2 (0.5)
 3 21 20 (1)a 31 (6)a 601 (57) 1.6 (0.3) −0.69 (2.25) 5.6 % 0.9 28.9 (5.3) 10.1 (4.6) 104 (8) 44.0 (5.4) 2.3 (0.5)
 4 21 26 (2)a 39 (8) 605 (69) 1.5 (0.3) 0.43 (2.71) 20.0 % 4.0 29.3 (4.6) 7.7 (3.8) 106 (9) 45.6 (5.5) 2.0 (0.5)
 5 21 37 (18) 45 (13) 559 (69) 1.3 (0.7) −0.79 (2.62) 5.9 % 1 27.2 (4.8) 9.6 (3.9) 104 (11) 45.3 (6.9) 2.1 (0.3)
  1. VPA vigorous physical activity (min/day), MPA moderate physical activity (min/day), CCVD risk clustered cardiovascular disease risk score as sum of z-scores, At risk % of children with more than 1SD in the CCVD risk score, OR CCVD risk odds ratio for being at risk compared to the active group, Fat % percentage of body fat, FMD% flow mediated dilation, SBP systolic blood pressure, VO2max peak oxygen uptake, E/A ratio ratio between passive and active filling of the left ventricle (cm/s). All data expressed as mean (SD). CCRD risk score consists of Fat%, FMD%, SBP, VO2Max, E/A ratio. aSignificant difference compared to most active quintile <0.05