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Table 3 Cardiovascular risk factors in the active and inactive

From: Physical activity guidelines and cardiovascular risk in children: a cross sectional analysis to determine whether 60 minutes is enough

  Group   Girls   Boys  
  Inactive (n = 90) Active (n = 92) p Inactive (n = 66) Active (n = 39) p Inactive (n = 24) Active (n = 53) p
Fat % 29.6 (5.9) 25.7(7.0) >0.001 29.2 (5.9) 29.8 (5.4) 0.90 30.7 (5.8) 22.7 (6.5) >0.001
SBP 106 (12) 106 (12) 0.89 106 (10) 104 (11) 0.58 108 (11) 108 (12) 0.97
Baseline artery diameter (mm) 3.1 (0.3) 3.1 (0.5) 0.73 3.0 (0.3) 3.0 (0.4) 0.67 3.2 (0.4) 3.1 (0.5) 0.90
FMD% 9.1 (4.1) 8.7 (4.2) 0.45 9.1 (4.1) 8.6 (3.9) 0.65 9.2 (4.0) 8.8 (4.4) 0.44
VO2max 43.70 (6.1) 48.3 (6.9) >0.001 43.1 (6.3) 44.2 (5.7) 0.16 45.56 (5.2) 51.2 (6.2) 0.01
E/A ratio 2.2 (0.5) 2.1 (0.4) 0.78 2.2 (0.5) 2.2 (0.4) 0.36 2.1 (0.6) 2.2 (0.4) 0.64
CCVD risk 0.36 (2.95) −0.43 (2.90) 0.40 0.09 (2.93) 0.19 (3.12) 0.87 1.22 (2.92) −0.85 (2.70) 0.01
At risk (%) 23 13 0.35 18 18 0.99 37 10 0.03
OR CCVD risk 1.9 1.0 0.13 1.0 1.0 0.99 5.1 1.0 0.02
MVPA (min) 45 (10) 83 (21) >0.001 45 (10) 77 (17) >0.001 46 (9) 88 (22) >0.001
VPA (min) 16 (6) 33 (14) >0.001 16 (6) 30 (15) >0.001 17 (5) 36 (12) >0.001
MPA/VPA ratio 1.9 (0.7) 1.6 (0.6) >0.001 1.9 (0.7) 1.7 (0.7) 0.18 1.9 (0.6) 1.6 (0.5) >0.01
Sedentary (min) 625 (80) 585 (192) 0.03 629 (84) 573 (59) >0.001 613(68) 594 (248) 0.53
  1. Inactive = those who did not achieve the recommended 60 min MVPA per day. Active = those who achieved the recommended 60 min MVPA per day
  2. Fat % percentage of body fat, SBP systolic blood pressure, BD baseline diameter of brachial artery in mm, FMD flow mediated dilation, VO 2 max peak oxygen uptake, E/A ratio ratio between passive and active filling of the left ventricle (cm/s), CCVD risk clustered cardio vascular disease risk score as sum of z-scores, At risk percentage of children with more than 1SD in the CCVD risk score, OR CCVD risk odds ratio for being at risk compared to the active group, MVPA moderate to vigorous physical activity in minutes/day, VPA vigorous physical activity in minutes/day, sedentary sedentary behaviour in hours/day. All data expressed as mean (SD)