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Table 5 Structural equation models for yearly AMI and BKC rates between 2002 and 2009. Parameter estimates and p-values

From: The intersection of health and wealth: association between personal bankruptcy and myocardial infarction rates in Canada

Parameters and fit indexes AMI < = > BKC AMI < = > BKC
AMI BKC AMI BKC
Regression coefficients     
 Autoregression 2002–2007 (β) .88 (<.01) .96 (<.01) .88 (<.01) .91 (<.01)
 Autoregression 2008 (β) ─״─ ─״─ .87 (<.01) 1.05 (<.01)
 Autoregression 2009 (β) ─״─ ─״─ .96 (<.01) 1.08 (<.01)
 Cross-lag 2002–2007 (γ) .013 (<.01) .08 (<.01) .015 (.01) .05 (.01)
 Cross-lag 2008 (γ) ─״─ ─״─ .015 (.50) .24 (<.01)
 Cross-lag 2009 (γ) ─״─ ─״─ .002 (.89) .30 (<.01)
 Education (αe) −.43 (<.01) −.55 (<.01) −.43 (<.01) −.55 (<.01)
 Material wealth (αw) −.09 (<.01) −.75 (<.01) −.09 (<.01) −.75 (<.01)
 Working-age population (αa) −.54 (<.01) −.06 (.07) −.57 (<.01) −.15 (<.01)
Variances     
 2002 factors (σ2 1) .48 1.16 .48 1.31
 Disturbance 2003–2007 (σ2 d) .08 .32 .06 .29
 Disturbance 2008 (σ2 d) ─״─ ─״─ .15 .39
 Disturbance 2009 (σ2 d) ─״─ ─״─ .03 .82
 Measurement error 2002 (σ2 e1) .41 .46 .42 .41
 Measurement errors 2003–2009 (σ2 e) .40 .68 .40 .62
Covariances   
 2002 factors (ρmb1) .26 (<.01) .28 (<.01)
 Disturbances 2003–2007 (ρmb) −.005 (.42) −.005 (.46)
 Disturbances 2008 (ρmb) ─״─ −.02 (.36)
 Disturbances 2009 (ρmb) ─״─ −.07 (.03)
Goodness of fit   
 Parameters 26 40
 Degrees of freedom 164 150
 Chi-square 1061.3 800.7
 RMSEA .073 .061
 CFI .945 .96
 AIC 1113.3 880.7
Fit changes   
 ΔΧ2/Δdf na 260.6/14