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Table 2 Categorical associations with markers of cardiometabolic health (beta coefficients (99% CIs) and corresponding p-values)

From: Associations of mutually exclusive categories of physical activity and sedentary time with markers of cardiometabolic health in English adults: a cross-sectional analysis of the Health Survey for England

Health marker Linear regression model ‘Busy Bees’ ‘Sedentary Exercisers’ ‘Light Movers’ ‘Couch Potatoes’
Beta (99% CI) p-value Beta (99% CI) p-value Beta (99% CI) p-value
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) Unadjusted −2.06 (−2.86, −1.26) <0.001 −1.93 (−2.61, −1.25) <0.001 −1.04 (−2.26, 0.18) 0.027 Reference
Adjusted −1.67 (−2.57, −0.77) <0.001 −1.64 (−2.43, −0.85) <0.001 −0.66 (−1.92, 0.60) 0.175 Reference
Waist Circumference (cm) Unadjusted −6.92 (−9.17, −4.68) <0.001 −5.31 (−7.33, −3.30) <0.001 −5.53 (−8.89, −2.16) <0.001 Reference
Adjusted −1.17 (−2.28, −0.06) 0.007 −0.71 (−1.56, 0.14) 0.032 −0.07 (−1.61, 1.47) 0.908 Reference
HDL-Cholesterol (mmol/L) Unadjusted 0.09 (0.02, 0.17) 0.001 0.05 (−0.01, 0.11) 0.021 0.14 (0.04, 0.24) <0.001 Reference
Adjusted 0.09 (0.02, 0.16) 0.001 0.07 (0.02, 0.13) <0.001 0.11 (0.01, 0.21) 0.004 Reference
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L) Unadjusted −0.00 (−0.21, 0.21) 0.981 0.12 (−0.06, 0.29) 0.081 0.11 (−0.23, 0.45) 0.408 Reference
Adjusted 0.02 (−0.17, 0.22) 0.761 0.17 (−0.01, 0.35) 0.014 0.08 (−0.22, 0.38) 0.490 Reference
Glycated Haemoglobin (%) Unadjusted −0.35 (−0.47, −0.24) <0.001 −0.32 (−0.43, −0.20) <0.001 0.07 (−0.32, 0.46) 0.656 Reference
Adjusted −0.12 (−0.22, −0.01) 0.003 −0.11 (−0.23, −0.01) 0.009 0.26 (−0.11, 0.63) 0.072 Reference
  1. All analyses accounted for primary sampling units, clustering and survey weights. Unadjusted and adjusted linear regression models were fitted for each cardiometabolic health marker with the ‘Couch Potatoes’ category selected as the reference group. The adjusted linear regression models controlled for: age; body mass index (except in the model with body mass index as the dependent variable); cardiovascular disease index; ethnicity; fruit and vegetable consumption; sex; smoking status; socioeconomic status; and accelerometer wear-time. Models with HDL-cholesterol and total cholesterol as the dependent variable were also controlled for both blood pressure medication and cholesterol medication. Similarly, the model with glycated haemoglobin as the dependent variable was controlled for any prescribed medication. Bold indicates statistical significance at α = 0.01
  2. ‘Busy Bees’: Physically Active and Low Sedentary, ‘Sedentary Exercisers’: Physically Active and High Sedentary, ‘Light Movers’: Physically Inactive and Low Sedentary, ‘Couch Potatoes’: Physically Inactive and High Sedentary