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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Associations of mutually exclusive categories of physical activity and sedentary time with markers of cardiometabolic health in English adults: a cross-sectional analysis of the Health Survey for England

Characteristic Sample ‘Busy Bees’ ‘Sedentary Exercisers’ ‘Light Movers’ ‘Couch Potatoes’
N = 2131 n = 385; 18.6 % n = 743; 36.7 % n = 147; 6.8 % n = 856; 37.9 %
Age (in years)a 50.8 (0.47) 44.8 (0.72) 45.6 (0.72) 49.8 (1.27) 58.9 (0.74)
Cardiovascular Disease Indexb      
 No Cardiovascular Diseases 2030 (95.6) 374 (97.4) 707 (95.7) 141 (96.2) 808 (94.6)
 One or More Cardiovascular Diseases 101 (4.4) 11 (2.6) 36 (4.3) 6 (3.8) 48 (5.4)
Ethnicityb      
 White 2008 (93.2) 364 (93.6) 691 (92.1) 141 (95.1) 812 (93.8)
 Non-White 123 (6.8) 21 (6.4) 52 (7.9) 6 (4.9) 44 (6.2)
Fruit & Vegetable Consumption (portions per day)b      
 0 95 (4.5) 25 (6.1) 29 (3.9) 8 (5.5) 33 (4.0)
 1–3 680 (32.4) 128 (34.8) 221 (30.6) 46 (30.9) 285 (33.4)
 4–6 968 (45.3) 152 (39.0) 359 (48.0) 69 (48.4) 388 (45.3)
 7+ 388 (17.8) 80 (20.1) 134 (17.5) 24 (15.2) 150 (17.3)
Sexb      
 Male 981 (49.3) 172 (48.8) 414 (59.0) 36 (28.8) 359 (43.8)
 Female 1150 (50.7) 213 (51.2) 329 (41.0) 111 (71.2) 497 (56.2)
Smoking Statusb      
 Never Smoked 993 (47.1) 171 (44.5) 393 (53.7) 57 (37.8) 372 (43.6)
 Ex-Smoker 726 (32.7) 113 (28.6) 232 (29.5) 51 (34.0) 330 (37.5)
 Current Smoker 410 (20.1) 101 (26.9) 116 (16.4) 39 (28.2) 154 (18.9)
 Missingc 2 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Socioeconomic Statusb      
 High 769 (36.7) 80 (20.5) 358 (49.0) 34 (22.5) 297 (35.1)
 High-Intermediate 276 (12.4) 41 (9.6) 100 (13.2) 22 (13.4) 113 (12.8)
 Intermediate 203 (9.5) 48 (12.4) 48 (6.2) 18 (13.7) 89 (10.5)
 Low-Intermediate 191 (9.3) 52 (15.0) 44 (5.8) 14 (11.4) 81 (9.6)
 Low 646 (29.8) 154 (40.1) 177 (23.3) 58 (38.5) 257 (29.5)
 Missingc 46 (2.3) 10 (2.4) 16 (2.5) 1 (0.5) 19 (2.5)
Blood Pressure Medicationb      
 No 1629 (78.7) 349 (91.1) 636 (87.6) 119 (82.5) 525 (63.4)
 Yes 502 (21.3) 36 (8.9) 107 (12.4) 28 (17.5) 331 (36.6)
Cholesterol Medicationb      
 No 1797 (85.8) 366 (95.7) 669 (91.3) 129 (88.5) 633 (75.2)
 Yes 334 (14.2) 19 (4.3) 74 (8.7) 18 (11.5) 223 (24.8)
Any Prescribed Medicationb      
 No 1031 (51.2) 238 (63.2) 426 (60.1) 80 (57.4) 287 (35.5)
 Yes 1100 (48.8) 147 (36.8) 317 (39.9) 67 (42.6) 569 (64.5)
Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity Timea (no. of minutes per valid day) 30.3 (0.59) 51.3 (1.46) 44.0 (0.80) 13.2 (0.39) 9.7 (0.22)
Sedentary Time a (no. of minutes per valid day) 540.2 (2.29) 417.2 (3.62) 564.5 (2.68) 435.5 (3.84) 595.7 (2.39)
Light-Intensity Physical Activity Timea (no. of minutes per valid day) 289.1 (2.06) 394.9 (3.16) 260.5 (1.88) 396.2 (4.35) 245.9 (2.47)
Accelerometer Wear-Timea (no. of minutes per valid day) 859.7 (1.72) 863.5 (4.53) 869.1 (2.69) 844.9 (5.65) 851.4 (2.78)
Sedentary-to-Light-Intensity Physical Activity Time Ratioa 2.2 (0.03) 1.1 (0.01) 2.3 (0.03) 1.1 (0.01) 2.8 (0.05)
Number of Valid Daysb      
 4 99 (4.9) 18 (4.7) 35 (5.1) 8 (5.7) 38 (4.8)
 5 185 (9.1) 36 (9.7) 55 (8.1) 21 (14.6) 73 (8.8)
 6 414 (20.4) 80 (21.0) 139 (20.1) 32 (23.5) 163 (20.0)
 7 1433 (65.6) 251 (64.6) 514 (66.7) 86 (56.2) 582 (66.4)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)a 27.5 (0.12) 26.6 (0.24) 26.8 (0.17) 27.6 (0.43) 28.7 (0.21)
Missingc 185 (8.7) 30 (7.8) 44 (5.9) 8 (5.4) 103 (12.0)
Waist Circumference (cm)a 93.4 (0.36) 90.1 (0.70) 91.7 (0.57) 91.5 (1.18) 97.0 (0.55)
Missingc 242 (11.4) 44 (11.4) 80 (10.8) 17 (11.6) 101 (11.8)
HDL-Cholesterol (mmol/L)a 1.49 (0.01) 1.53 (0.02) 1.49 (0.02) 1.58 (0.04) 1.44 (0.01)
Missingc 728 (34.2) 120 (31.2) 245 (33.0) 51 (34.7) 312 (36.4)
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L)a 5.42 (0.03) 5.37 (0.06) 5.49 (0.05) 5.48 (0.12) 5.37 (0.05)
Missingc 728 (34.2) 120 (31.2) 245 (33.0) 51 (34.7) 312 (36.4)
Glycated Haemoglobin (%)a 5.64 (0.02) 5.47 (0.02) 5.51 (0.02) 5.89 (0.14) 5.82 (0.04)
Missingc 746 (35.0) 127 (33.0) 250 (33.6) 52 (35.4) 317 (37.0)
  1. All analyses accounted for primary sampling units, clustering and survey weights
  2. ‘Busy Bees’: Physically Active and Low Sedentary, ‘Sedentary Exercisers’: Physically Active and High Sedentary, ‘Light Movers’: Physically Inactive and Low Sedentary, ‘Couch Potatoes’: Physically Inactive and High Sedentary
  3. aContinuous variable; Mean (Standard Error)
  4. bCategorical variable; n (Proportion (%))
  5. cMissing data; n (%)