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Table 1 Determinants of testing behavior

From: Predictors of Chlamydia Trachomatis testing: perceived norms, susceptibility, changes in partner status, and underestimation of own risk

Determinant Not tested in the last 6 months (N = 244) M (SD) Tested in the last 6 months (N = 25) M (SD) t p
Intention at T0 (1–9) 2.36 (1.95) 5.28 (3.21) 4.46 <.001
Susceptibility at T0 (1–9) 2.69 (1.82) 4.47 (1.91) 4.61 <.001
Attitude at T0 (1–5) 2.93 (0.65) 3.30 (0.61) 2.80 .01
Outcome Expectations at T0 (1–5) 3.43 (1.11) 4.18 (0.69) 4.82 <.001
Unrealistic Optimism at T0 (1–5) 2.97 (0.85) 2.26 (0.86) −3.96 <.001
Subjective Norms at T0 (1–5); N = 219/24 1.31 (0.67) 2.01 (1.21) 2.82 .01
Descriptive Norms at T0 (1–5); N = 163/19 2.38 (1.18) 3.11 (1.38) 2.48 .02
Moral norms at T0 (1–5) 2.32 (1.08) 3.24 (1.42) 3.14 .01
Perceived Behavioral Control at T0 (1–5) 4.41 (.079) 4.52 (0.91) .64 .52
Implicit: Reassuring at T0; N = 242/25 0.29 (0.36) 0.22 (0.26) −.95 .34
Implicit: Threatening at T0; N = 244/24 0.15 (0.31) 0.16 (0.38) .17 .87
Implicit: Annoying at T0; N = 241/25 0.18 (0.35) 0.18 (0.30) .002 .99
Stereotypical beliefs: Partners at T1 (1–6) 4.18 (1.20) 4.76 (0.83) 2.36 .02
Stereotypical beliefs: Condoms at T1 (1–5) 3.13 (0.98) 3.16 (0.80) .16 .87
Stereotypical beliefs partners x condoms at T1 13.32 (5.89) 15.28 (5.45) 1.59 .11
Δ Stereotypical beliefs partners at T1 0.51 (1.33) 0.08 (1.32) −1.54 .12
Δ Stereotypical beliefs condom use at T1 0.31 (1.19) −0.04 (1.43) −1.38 .17
Δ Stereotypical beliefs partners x condoms at T1 0.02 (1.87) −0.28 (2.13) −.77 .44
New partners last 6 m at T1 (1–2) 1.67 (0.47) 1.88 (0.33) 2.91 .01
Multiple partners 6 m at T1(1–6) 2.21 (0.64) 2.92 (1.19) 2.93 .01
Condom use last 6 m at T1 (1–5) 3.41 (1.54) 3.60 (1.26) .70 .55