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Table 3 Association between subjective mental well-being and arts engagement (hours per year)

From: The art of being mentally healthy: a study to quantify the relationship between recreational arts engagement and mental well-being in the general population

  Regression models
  1. WEMWBS (Unadjusted Model) 2. WEMWBS adjusted for demographics (age, sex, location, income, education, married, children) 3. WEMWBS adjusted for demographics, general health, sports engagement, religious activities & holidays
  β SE p-value β SE p-value β SE p-value
 None vs High engagement −2.01 0.87 0.0206 −1.94 0.90 0.0307 −1.60 0.85 0.0612
 Low vs High engagement −2.25 0.73 0.0022 −2.22 0.74 0.0026 −2.57 0.69 0.0002
 Medium vs High engagement −1.45 0.78 0.0650 −1.40 0.79 0.0755 −1.74 0.73 0.0178
Arts engagement Mean Scores Mean Scores Mean Scores
 None/no art (n = 120) 52.83 52.87 53.35
 Low engagement (n = 230) 52.59 52.59 52.38
 Medium engagement (n = 172) 53.40 53.41 53.21
 High engagement (n = 180) 54.84 54.81 54.95
  F value df p-value F value df p-value F value df p-value
Overall Test – 4 groups (none, low, medium, high arts engagement) 3.48 3 0.0157 3.25 3 0.0215 4.67 3 0.0031
Overall Test – 3 groups (none, low, medium arts engagement) 0.59 2 0.5548 0.60 2 0.5482 1.03 2 0.3582
Overall Test – 2 groups (not high versus high arts engagement)a 9.26 1 0.0024 8.50 1 0.0037 11.74 1 0.0006
  1. aHigh arts engagement = 100 or more hours/year; Not high engagement (none, low, medium) = 99.99 or less hours/year