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Table 3 Comparison of the evolution of quality of life between 1 and 5 year after the accident

From: Five years after the accident, whiplash casualties still have poorer quality of life in the physical domain than other mildly injured casualties: analysis of the ESPARR cohort

  Non-whiplash (N = 155) Whiplash grade 1 et 2 (N = 133) Whiplash grade 1 (N = 50) Whiplash grade 2 (N = 83)
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Global Items
 Good quality of life1 1 year 108 (69.7) 95 (71.4) 34 (68.0) 61 (73.5)
  5 years 127 (81.9) 104 (78.2) 41 (82.0) 63 (75.9)
  Improvement (%)2   +12.2 b +4.8 +14.0 +2.4
 Satisfactory health status3 1 year 108 (69.7) 88 (66.2) 34 (68.0) 54 (65.1)
  5 years 117 (75.5) 90 (67.7) 38 (76.0) 52 (62.7)
  Improvement (%)2   +5.8 +1.5 +8.0 2.4
Domains
   m SD4 m SD4 m SD4 m SD4
 Physical 1 year 77.1 (15.5) 72.8 (19.1) 73.4 (20.9) 72.4 (18.0)
  5 years 81.5 c (13.9) 76.2 (17.9) 76.0 (17.6) 76.2 (18.2)
  Improvement5   +4.4 c +3.4 +2.6 +3.8
 Psychological 1 year 66.6 (15.7) 64.6 (16.3) 61.6 (15.8) 66.5 (16.4)
  5 years 71.1 (13.6) 69.0 (15.3) 67.2 (17.0) 70.1 (14.2)
  Improvement5   +4.5 c +4.6 b +5.6 +3.7 a
 Social 1 year 73.2 (19.5) 71.6 (19.9) 68.9 (20.9) 73.3 (19.3)
  5 years 75.5 (17.1) 74.7 (15.0) 73.3 (17.4) 75.5 (13.4)
  Improvement5   +2.3 +3.3 +3.4 +2.3
 Environmental 1 year 68.0 (16.5) 65.0 (16.3) 65.3 (17.7) 64.8 (15.5)
  5 years 71.1 (15.4) 69.9 (16.6) 71.7 (15.9) 68.8 (17.0)
  Improvement5   +3.1 b +4.9 c +6.4 a +4.0 a
  1. (non-whiplash, whiplash grade 1; whiplash grade 2) (restricted to subjects who responded at both one and 5 years; N = 288)
  2. a <0.05; b <0.01; c <0.001
  3. 1Grouping: good/very good vs. neither good nor bad/ bad/very bad/no reply
  4. 2McNemar’s test
  5. 3Grouping: satisfied/very satisfied neither satisfied nor dissatisfied/dissatisfied/ very dissatisfied/ no reply
  6. 4SD: standard deviation
  7. 5Student’s test for matched data