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Table 4 Summary of the linear regression with clustering by SOA on SF-8 MCS by NIMDM strata

From: Individual factors and perceived community characteristics in relation to mental health and mental well-being

Stratified sample Total NIMDM 1 NIMDM 2 NIMDM 3 NIMDM 4 NIMDM 5 Interaction
Independent variable Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb Ba (95 % CI) pb p value (Indep var * NIMDM)
Constant 21.72 (15.28, 28.16) *** 14.92 (−3.35, 33.19)   12.05 (−4.24, 28.35)   35.15 (8.40, 61.89) * 16.18 (−0.32, 32.67)   31.67 (26.21, 48.08) ***  
Socio-demographic              
Gender −0.79 (−2.00, 0.43)   −0.27 (−4.02, 3.48)   −0.85 (−3.83, 2.14)   −2.48 (−9.69, 4.74)   −1.94 (−5.52, 1.63)   −1.12 (−2.75, 0.43)   
Age 0.11 (0.08, 0.15) *** 0.11 (0.04, 0.19) ** 0.13 (0.03, 0.22) * 0.12 (0.04, 0.19) * 0.08 (0.02, 0.15) * 0.14 (0.06, 0.16) ***  
Married/Cohabiting 1.208 (0.09, 2.07) * −1.07 (−4.04, 1.90)   1.63 (−0.88, 4.14)   −2.38 (−9.60, 4.83)   2.47 (−0.01, 4.95)   1.27 (−1.09, 2.27)   
Accommodation-Own −0.28 (−1.59, 1.02)   −0.66 (−3.37, 2.05)   −0.25 (−3.16, 2.65)   0.62 (−2.36, 3.60)   0.59 (−0.99, 2.17)   −1.08 (−2.94, 2.87)   
Education to Degree Level −0.28 (−1.54, 0.97)   4.12 (0.93, 7.31) * 2.07 (−4.56, 0.41)   −2.74 (−5.04, −0.43) * 1.60 (−1.35, 4.54)   −1.45 (−2.59, 0.60)   **
Unemployed −2.38 (−5.79, 1.04)   −3.10 (−11.38, 5.12)   −2.20 (−8.74, 4.34)   7.44 (−4.91, 19.79)   2.11 (−6.68, 10.90)   −6.22 (−9.29, 1.81)   
Bicycle access 0.46 (−0.81, 1.73)   1.78 (−3.14, 6.71)   0.25 (−4.22, 4.71)   −0.60 (−5.14, 3.95)   1.96 (−0.56, 4.49)   −0.27 (−0.02, 0.02)   
No. Vehicles 0.72 (−0.06, 1.49)   0.77 (−1.9,3.15)   −0.21 (−2.32, 1.91)   0.12 (−3.51, 3.76)   0.82 (−0.25, 1.90)   0.88 (−0.32, 2.01)   
Income 0.08 (−0.27, 0.43)   −0.12 (−1.62, 1.38)   0.94 (0.32, 1.56) ** 0.85 (−0.53, 2.24)   −0.31 (−1.06, 0.45)   0.14 (−0.47, 0.75)   **
Self-Rated Health              
EQ-VAS 0.16 (0.12, 0.21) *** 0.25 (0.11, 0.38) ** 0.22 (0.15, 0.29) *** 0.12 (−0.08, 0.32)   0.14 (0.06, 0.21) ** 0.10 (0.04, 0.15) * ***
EQ-5D-3 L 13.09 (10.04, 16.14) *** 13.39 (7.77, 19.02) *** 8.27 (−0.47, 17.01)   7.74 (−3.57, 19.04)   14.56 (9.29, 19.83) *** 13.27 (8.44, 16.88) ***  
Health Related Behaviours              
Never smoked −0.44 (−1.51, 0.63)   −0.38 (−4.66, 3.91)   −1.33 (−3.42, 0.75)   −2.76 (−9.02, 3.50)   1.33 (−1.07, 3.74)   −0.75 (−1.78, 1.51)   
Alcohol 0.03 (−0.26, 0.33)   −0.06 (−1.08, 0.96)   0.71 (−0.07, 1.49)   −0.52 (−2.32, 1.29)   −0.30 (−0.81, 0.22)   −0.02 (−0.39, 0.44)   
Social Capital              
Local Area Satisfaction −0.75 (−1.48, −0.02) * −0.68 (−2.64, 1.28)   0.10 (−1.21, 1.40)   −2.62 (−6.78, 1.53)   −0.66 (−1.78, 0.46)   −1.40 (−2.79, −0.09)   
Local Area Problems −0.05 (−0.17, 0.07)   −0.14 (−0.41, 0.12)   0.13 (−0.06, 0.32)   −0.01 (−0.57, 0.54)   0.10 (−0.31, 0.51)   −0.12 (−0.42, 0.08)   
‘Social connections’ −0.08 (−0.31, 0.16)   0.28 (−0.14, 0.70)   −0.22 (−0.67, 0.24)   0.40 (−1.20, 1.99)   0.01 (−0.49, 0.50)   −0.34 (−0.69, −0.01)   
Trust −0.07 (−0.77, 0.63)   0.34 (−2.05, 2.72)   −0.64 (−1.86, 0.58)   −1.36 (−5.65, 2.94)   1.28 (0.03, 2.53) * −0.62 (−1.57, 0.38)   
Civic Participation 0.53 (−0.64, 1.70)   0.00 (−4.13, 4.13)   −0.53 (−3.68, 2.61)   −1.43 (−5.16, 2.30)   0.41 (−2.05, 2.88)   1.45 (−0.78, 2.41)   
Social Participation 0.15 (−0.76, 1.06)   −0.57 (−3.64, 2.50)   1.14 (−1.17, 3.45)   −2.79 (−6.57, 0.99)   0.17 (−2.64, 2.99)   0.58 (−0.92, 2.25)   
  1. PARC: Physical Activity and the Rejuvenation of Connswater
  2. EQ-VAS: Visual Analogue Scale of self-rated health; EQ-5D-3 L: 5 dimension with 3 levels of response [25, 26]
  3. NIMDM: Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure [31]
  4. a Regression coefficients, b Significance level: * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  5. Coding of dependent variables
  6. SF8- MCS: continuous variable with increase in score implying better mental health
  7. Coding of independent variables
  8. Gender: 1 = male, 2 = female
  9. Age: in years
  10. Married/Cohabiting: 0 = false, 1 = true
  11. Accommodation own: 1 = owner occupied, 2 = other/rent
  12. Education to Degree Level: 0 = false, 1 = true
  13. Unemployed: 0 = false, 1 = true
  14. Bicycle access: 0 false, 1 = true
  15. No. Vehicles: numeric
  16. Income: 9 categories of increasing amount
  17. EQ-VAS: 0 to 100 (higher values imply better health)
  18. EQ-5D-3 L: continuous variable (higher values imply better health)
  19. Never Smoked: 0 = false, 1 = true
  20. Alcohol: ranked categories of frequency from 1 = almost every day to 8 = not at all in the last 12 months
  21. Local Area Satisfaction: scale from 1 = very satisfied to 5 = very dissatisfied
  22. Local Area Problems: summative of 8 Llikert items to a Likert scale 5 – 40 (higher values better)
  23. ‘Social connections’: summative of 4 Likert items to a Likert scale of 4 – 20 (lower values better)
  24. Trust: 4 point ordinal scale, 1 = very likely to 4 = not at all likely
  25. Civic Participation: 0 = no, 1 = yes
  26. Social Participation: 0 = no, 1 = yes
  27. Health Related Behaviours