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Table 1 Depressive symptoms and alcohol use by education and employment

From: The association between alcohol use and depressive symptoms across socioeconomic status among 40- and 45-year-old Norwegian adults

   Education Employment
  Total Lowest tertile Middle tertile Highest tertile None Part-time Full-time
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Depressed 1178 (10.8) 465 (15.1) 444 (10.4) 269 (7.7)** 387 (35.0) 222 (11.2) 569 (7.3)**
Lifetime abstainer 388 (3.6) 172 (5.6) 139 (3.3) 77 (2.2)** 143 (12.9) 69 (3.5) 176 (2.3)**
Former drinker 383 (3.5) 144 (4.7) 136 (3.2) 103 (2.9)** 98 (8.9) 75 (3.8) 210 (2.7)**
Current drinker 10,101 (92.9) 2763 (89.7) 4000 (93.6) 3338 (94.9)** 866 (78.2) 1844 (92.8) 7391 (95.0)**
Typical drink quantitya        
 1–2 drinks 5665 (56.1) 1354 (49.0) 2172 (54.3) 2139 (64.1)** 460 (53.1) 1277 (69.3) 3928 (53.2)**
 3–4 drinks 3252 (32.2) 912 (33.0) 1344 (33.6) 996 (29.8)* 256 (29.6) 475 (25.8) 2521 (34.1)**
 5+ drinks 1184 (11.7) 497 (18.0) 484 (12.1) 203 (6.1)** 150 (17.3) 92 (5.0) 942 (12.8)**
HED frequencya        
 None 3356 (33.2) 987 (35.7) 1275 (31.9) 1094 (32.8)* 371 (42.8) 929 (50.4) 2056 (27.8)**
 1–6 times 3949 (39.1) 1093 (39.6) 1573 (39.3) 1283 (38.4) 269 (31.1) 657 (35.6) 3023 (40.9)**
 7–12 times 1418 (14.0) 342 (12.4) 597 (14.9) 479 (14.4)* 106 (12.2) 151 (8.2) 1161 (15.7)**
 13+ times 1378 (13.6) 341 (12.3) 555 (13.9) 482 (14.4)* 120 (13.9) 107 (5.8) 1151 (15.6)**
  1. Note: P-values are from chi-square tests of independence
  2. aFrequencies and percentages out of current drinkers (past year use) *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.001