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Table 5 E4 analysis- univariate linear regression between prison characteristic and the level of adherence to international recommendations

From: Insufficient access to harm reduction measures in prisons in 5 countries (PRIDE Europe): a shared European public health concern

  Belgium (N = 11)   Austria (N = 19)   Denmark (N = 29)   Italy (N = 35)  
  Coef (IC95 %) P Coef (IC95 %) P Coef (IC95 %) P Coef (IC95 %) P
Number of prisoners on the day of the study/100 0.03 (−0.14;0.19) 0.72 0.14 (−0.15;0.44) 0.33 0.06 (−0.31;0.45) 0.73 −0.01 (−0.09;0.08) 0.85
Number of personnel available/number of prisoners on the day of the study      
Sanitary staff 0.09 (−27.20;27.38) 0.99 5.94 (−2.03;13.91) 0.13 −0.14 (−13.33;13.05) 0.98 2.36 (−3.17;7.89) 0.39
Doctors (*100) −0.71 (−1.48; 0.06) 0.07 0.43 (−0.05;0.91) 0.08 −0.01 (−0.24;0.22) 0.89 0.03 (−0.04;0.12) 0.42
Full time doctors (*100) --   --   0.40 (−1.12;1.93) 0.59 --  
Nurses (*100) −0.05 (−0.43;0.33) 0.75 0.10 (−0.02;0.22) 0.11 0.02 (−0.28;0.33) 0.89 0.05 (−0.09;0.20) 0.47
Full time nurses (*100) --   --   0.09 (−0.33;0.51) 0.66 --  
Security staff −5.67 (−10.92;-0.43) 0.04 6.47 (−0.75;13.70) 0.07 −0.71 (−2.09;0.66) 0.30 −0.18 (−1.15;1.52) 0.78
Social workers −10.25 (−37.30;16.80) 0.41 52.63 (−16.04;121.30) 0.12 −5.31 (−25.96;15.32) 0.60 −5.37 (−54.13;-43.57) 0.82
Available Consultation         
HIV (yes vs. no) −0.11 (−1.47;1.26) 0.86 --   −0.67 (−2.86;1.51) 0.53 0.17 (−0.71;1.05) 0.70
HCV/HBV (yes vs. no) −0.11 (−1.47;1.26) 0.86 --   −0.67 (−2.86;1.51) 0.53 −0.30 (−1.17;0.57) 0.49
Psychiatric (yes vs. no) −1.00 (−2.67;0.68) 0.21 0.18 (−2.38;2.74) 0.89 −0.32 (−1.48;0.83) 0.60 --  
Attendance of any NGO (yes vs. no) −0.41 (−1.48;0.65) 0.39 0.70 (−1.24;2.63) 0.46 --   −0.55 (−1.18;-0.08) 0.08
Number of different prison types         
1         
2 −0.14 (−1.65;1.37) 0.83 −0.87 (−2.86;1.11) 0.36 −0.15 (−1.07;0.77) 0.74 --  
3 −0.14 (−1.65;1.37) 0.83 −1.56 (−3.20;0.08) 0.06 −0.40 (−2.65;1.85) 0.72 --  
Mixed male/female prison         
No 1        
Yes 0.02 (−0.67;0.71) 0.95 −1.72 (−2.52 ;-0.92) <10 −3 0.08 (−0.62;0.78) 0.81 −0.50 (−1.13;0.13) 0.11
Type of prison         
RC 1    1 1   1  
PS −0.13 (−0.87;0.62) 0.73 0.70 (−0.40;1.81) 0.21 0.23 (−0.60;1.06) 0.58 0.07 (−0.82;0.95) 0.88
SPS −0.13 (−1.27;1.02) 0.82 -- -- −0.05 (−0.93;0.82) 0.90 -- --
JUV -- -- 0.27 (−1.05;1.58) 0.68 -- -- -- --
  1. HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus; HCV: Hepatitis C Virus; HBV: Hepatitis B Virus; NGO: Non-Governmental Organization; RC: remand center; PS: prison for sentenced; SPS: Security prison for sentenced; JUV: juvenile prison center
  2. Bold numbers have statistical significance
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