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Table 1 Baseline comparisons of mean resilience scores by demographic and historical trauma variables and childhood maltreatment experiences among Cedar Project participants (n = 191)

From: The Cedar Project: resilience in the face of HIV vulnerability within a cohort study involving young Indigenous people who use drugs in three Canadian cities

  Baseline frequencies Resilience score p-value
N % Mean SD
All participants 191 100 % 62.04 22.22 -
Demographic and historical trauma variables      
Age (mean, SD) 28.89 5.07 - - -
Sex      
 Male 94 49 % 64.12 22.37 0.871
 Female 97 51 % 60.72 23.65
Location      
 Prince George 102 53 % 60.13 25.22 0.248
 Chase 15 8 % 68.93 13.53
 Vancouver 74 39 % 63.75 21.71
Any parent attended residential school      
 No 41 22 % 63.97 21.45 0.629
 Unsure 57 30 % 61.12 23.27
 At least one parent attended 92 48 % 62.65 23.97
Ever in Foster Care      
 No 56 29 % 68.35 19.15 0.044
 Yes 135 71 % 59.99 24.07
Education      
 Less than high school 158 84 % 61.55 22.73 0.037
 High school or higher 31 16 % 67.83 19.21
Relationship status      
 Single 19 10 % 64.06 15.01 0.798
 In a relationship 169 90 % 62.22 23.83
Childhood maltreatment severity      
Emotional abuse      
 None 57 31 % 64.13 24.27 0.503
 Low/Moderate 68 37 % 64.70 19.90
 Severe 61 33 % 58.06 25.02
Physical abuse      
 None 81 44 % 63.65 23.34 0.894
 Low/Moderate 28 15 % 63.80 22.15
 Severe 77 41 % 60.52 23.26
Sexual abuse      
 None 80 43 % 62.36 24.67 0.996
 Low/Moderate 33 18 % 62.57 24.67
 Severe 72 39 % 62.40 22.89
Emotional neglect      
 None 53 29 % 69.94 20.49 0.005
 Low/Moderate 95 52 % 60.74 23.21
 Severe 36 20 % 53.08 23.41
Physical neglect      
 None 39 21 % 67.47 19.11 0.580
 Low/Moderate 73 40 % 62.38 23.84
 Severe 72 39 % 59.53 24.00
  1. SD = standard deviation
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