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Table 2 Demographic data of children (n = 402)

From: Reading the mind of children in response to food advertising: a cross-sectional study of Malaysian schoolchildren’s attitudes towards food and beverages advertising on television

Characteristics n (%) Mean ± S.D.
Gender   
 Boys 174 (43.3) -
 Girls 228 (56.7) -
Ethnic   
 Malay 154 (38.3) -
 Chinese 125 (31.1) -
 Indian 123 (30.6) -
Age (year) 402 (100.0) 9.85 ± 1.38
 Younger children (≤9 years old) 136 (33.8) 8.22 ± 0.84
 Older children (>9 years old) 266 (66.2) 10.7 ± 0.69
Body Mass Index, BMIa   
 Severely wasted and wasted  (Below −2 Z-score) 44 (10.9) -
 Normal (1 ≤ Z-score ≤ −2) 219 (54.5) -
 Possible risk of overweight (1 < Z-score ≤ 2) 63 (15.7) -
 Overweight and obese (Above 2 Z-score) 76 (18.9) -
Daily Physical Activity (hrs) 402 (100.0) 1.15 ± 0.68
 Less than once weekly 24 (6.0) 0.82 ± 0.50
 1–3 times weekly 245 (60.9) 1.03 ± 0.58
 4–6 times weekly 78 (19.4) 1.30 ± 0.72
 Everyday 55 (13.7) 1.58 ± 0.83
Daily Internet Surfingb (hrs) 230 (100.0) 1.65 ± 1.58
Daily TV Viewing time (hrs) 402 (100.0) 3.03 ± 1.52
 Weekday (hrs) 402 (100.0) 2.35 ± 1.40
 Weekend (hrs) 402 (100.0) 4.77 ± 2.60
Television in Bedroom   
 Yes 84 (20.9) -
 No 318 (79.1) -
Daily Pocket Money (RM) 402 (100.0) 3.13 ± 1.80
  1. aCategories were based on Z-score of WHO classification [40]. Two new categories were formed due to very few subjects (severely wasted merged with wasted category; overweight merged with obese category)
  2. bOnly 260 subjects reported having internet access at home, but only 230 children were allowed online access by parents/ guardians