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Table 2 Demographic and sexual risk behaviour variables associated with HIV among adults in the Fako division of Southwest Cameroon (2011)

From: Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus-1 and hepatitis B virus co-infection and risk factors for acquiring these infections in the Fako division of Southwest Cameroon

Variable HIV positive n = 81 Crude OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)
HBV test results
  Negative 72 1.16 (0.55–2.42) 1.68 (0.73–3.85)
  Positive 9   
Socio-demographics
Sex
  Male 26 1.45 (0.89–2.37) -
  Female 54   
Age
   ≤ 32 24 2.95 (1.79–4.86)*** 2.35 (1.24–4.46)**
   > 32 57   
Marital status
  Ever married 49 0.58* (0.36–0.92) 1.09 (0.59–2.00)
  Never married 32   
Religion
Catholic
  No 52 0.92 (0.57–1.49) -
  Yes 28   
Protestant
  No 50 0.92 (0.57–1.48) -
  Yes 30   
Muslim
  No 79 1.41(0.17–11.86) -
  Yes 1   
Others
  No 59 1.22 (0.72–2.08) -
  Yes 21   
Education
  Low 44 0.31 (0.19–0.50)*** 0.39 (0.22–0.69)**
  High 37   
Income
  Low 59 0.45 (0.25–0.79)** 0.54 (0.28–1.02)
  High 17   
Blood transfusion    
  No 72 1.60 (0.75–3.39) -
  Yes 9   
Sexual risk factors
Condom use
  High 8 2.20 (1.03–4.68)* 0.99 (0.42–2.30)
  Low 72   
Lifetime sexual partners
   < 10 58 2.69 (1.56–4.62)** 2.26 (1.22–4.17)**
   ≥ 10 22   
Age at first sex
   > 18 20 2.07 (1.22–3.52)** 2.63 (1.44–4.81)**
   ≤ 18 61   
  1. CI confidence interval; OR odd ratio
  2. Please note that all reference categories are listed as the first category
  3. Although the total sample is 81, one data point is missing from religion, sex, income level, condom use, and lifetime sexual partners. 14 data points were omitted from income level because the participant was a student or housewife
  4. *indicates a p-value <0.05, **indicates a p-value <0.01,*** indicates a p-value < 0.0001