Skip to main content

Table 3 Respondent’s odds of being HIV-positive by selected background characteristics

From: Male circumcision and HIV infection among sexually active men in Malawi

Background characteristics Model I Model II Model III Model IV
Exp β CI Exp β CI Exp β CI Exp β CI
Age
 15–24 0.097*** .072–.132 0.131*** .085-.200 0.149*** .092-.240 0.070*** .025-.197
 25–39 0.634*** .525-.766 0.675** .538-.848 0.610*** .610-.796 0.895 .557-1.437
 40+a - - - - - - - -
Marital status
 Never married 0.356*** .293-.432 1.016 .778-1.326 1.010 .742-1.375 1.149 .640-2.065
 Ever Marrieda - - - - - - - -
Age at sexual debut
  < 15 0.410*** .327-.513 0.875 .656-1.167 0.889 .637-1.242 0.745 .407-1.366
 15+a - - - - - - - -
Ever had ritual sex
 Yes 0.706 .463-1.075 1.172 .724-1.898 0.822 .434-1.556 2.399* 1.053-5.466
 Noa - - - - - - - -
Number of life time partners
 1 0.103*** .068-0.156 0.173*** .099-.301 0.117*** .059-.234 0.500 .184-1.356
 2 0.351*** .274-.449 0.423*** .319-.562 0.438*** .317-.605 0.314*** .165-.599
 3 0.586*** .468-.734 0.605*** .466-.786 0.582*** .430-.787 0.513* .286-.921
 4 0.447*** .327-.610 0.454*** .318-.649 0.378*** .243-.589 0.705 .365-1.363
 5a - - - - - - - -
Type of residence
 Urban 1.912*** 1.588-2.303 2.024*** 1.567-2.615 2.311*** 1.715-3.112 1.652 .916-2.908
 Rurala - - - - - - - -
Region
 Central/Northern 0.537*** .452-.639 0.591*** .476-.733 0.573*** .450-.729 0.719 .415-1.246
 Southerna - - - - - - - -
Religion
 Catholic 1.107 .807-1.518 1.443 .931-2.237 0.820 .269-2.503 2.426* 1.228-4.793
 Other Christian 1.131 .855-1.498 1.441 .971-2.137 0.873 .291-2.623 1.300 .805-2.098
 Muslima - - - - - - - -
Level of education
 None 1.111 .786-1.570 1.262 .799-1.993 2.438** 1.434-4.144 0.395 .150-1.035
 Primary 0.889 .738-1.072 1.194 .932-1.528 1.342* 1.007-1.787 0.952 .540-1.679
 Secondary + a -   - - - - - -
Wealth index
 Poor 0.575*** .468-.707 0.787 .598-1.036 0.753 .546-1.040 1.123 .629-2.004
 Medium 0.788* .630-.988 0.757 .562-1.019 0.606** .422-.871 1.928* 1.057-3.517
 Richa - - - - - - - -
Circumcision status
 Circumcised 1.341** 1.103-1.631 1.177 .871-1.590 - - - -
 Not circumciseda - - - - - - - -
Age at circumcision
  < 10 0.879 .531-1.455 - - - - 1.433 .737-2.787
 10-14 0.855 .549-1.332 - - - - 1.409 .787-2.520
 15+a - - - - - - - -
Type of circumciser
 Traditional 1.025 .641-1.637 - - - - 0.901 .478-1.699
 Medicala - - - - - - - -
 Constant - - 0.271*** - 0.457 - 0.209** -
  1. *p < 0.050; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; aReference category
\