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Table 2 Percent distribution of respondents by HIV status and selected background characteristics

From: Male circumcision and HIV infection among sexually active men in Malawi

Background characteristics HIV status Sample size
Negative Positive
Age***
 15–24 97.8 2.2 1533
 25–39 87.5 12.5 1911
 40+ 81.1 18.9 914
Marital status***
 Never married 94.0 6.0 1778
 Currently married 87.8 12.2 2410
 Formerly married 76.3 23.7 170
Age at sexual debut**
  < 15 92.7 7.3 915
 15-24 89.2 10.8 3294
 25 +  87.7 12.3 149
Ever had ritual sex
 Yes 86.4 13.6 159
 No 90.1 9.9 4199
Number of life time partners***
 1 98.0 2.0 750
 2 92.7 7.3 1082
 3 89.3 10.7 921
 4 91.6 8.4 486
 5 85.2 14.8 371
 6-9 80.7 19.3 394
 10+ 79.7 20.3 354
Type of residence***
 Urban 84.8 15.2 647
 Rural 91.4 8.6 3711
Region***
 Northern 93.2 6.8 750
 Central 91.9 8.1 1592
 Southern 87.2 12.8 2016
Religion
 Catholic 89.9 8.4 984
 Other Christian 89.8 8.6 2930
 Muslim 90.4 7.7 444
Level of education
 None 87.5 12.5 253
 Primary 90.3 9.7 2669
 Secondary+ 89.7 10.3 1436
Wealth index***
 Poor 92.2 7.8 1496
 Medium 91.7 8.3 903
 Rich 87.7 12.3 1959
Circumcision status*
 Circumcised 87.9 12.1 831
 Not circumcised 90.5 9.5 3,527
Total 89.9 10.1 4,358
  1. *p < 0.050; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
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