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Table 2 Perceived parental style, reported by children and parents, total sample and by country

From: Associations between parental rules, style of communication and children’s screen time

Parental style Belgium Germany Greece Hungary Norway Total
Reported by: Child Parent Child Parent Child Parent Child Parent Child Parent Child Parent
TV/DVD             
Controlling; (N) 725 593 580 474 722 614 656 592 578 464 3261 2737
 I fully agree (%) 22.3 19.2 20.9 19.4 18.6 22.5 23.9 25.8 8.0 11.1 19.0 20.0
 I partly agree (%) 33.5 27.5 16.2 25.9 23.0 23.9 23.3 31.4 21.3 34.9 23.9 28.5
 Neither nor (%) 17.4 17.4 26.0 18.1 24.2 13.4 16.5 5.7 31.8 19.6 22.8 14.5
 I partly disagree (%) 9.7 11.8 12.4 14.1 13.9 18.7 11.7 13.3 17.1 14.9 12.8 14.6
 I fully disagree (%) 17.1 24.1 24.5 22.4 20.4 21.5 24.5 23.6 21.8 19.6 21.5 22.4
Autonomy-supportive (N) 722 616 595 512 721 653 654 617 576 476 3268 2874
 I fully agree (%) 55.4 66.2 47.4 70.3 61.6 82.8 52.4 77.8 26.4 49.8 49.6 70.5
 I partly agree (%) 23.8 23.7 21.3 20.3 15.1 12.7 16.5 16.2 27.3 37.0 20.6 21.2
 Neither nor (%) 8.2 5.2 15.5 5.5 12.6 2.3 11.9 2.4 24.1 10.1 14.0 4.8
 I partly disagree (%) 4.7 1.5 5.4 2.1 3.2 1.5 4.7 1.6 10.2 1.9 5.5 1.7
 I fully disagree (%) 7.9 3.4 10.4 1.8 7.5 0.6 14.4 1.9 12.0 1.3 10.3 1.8
Computer/games console             
Controlling (N) 716 591 573 473 721 608 652 581 571 457 3233 2710
 I fully agree (%) 22.8 18.3 19.7 18.6 18.9 22.9 21.2 25.0 8.8 12.9 18.6 19.9
 I partly agree (%) 26.3 25.4 14.0 24.7 17.5 25.8 23.5 28.2 21.4 34.1 20.7 27.5
 Neither nor (%) 20.1 21.0 24.6 16.5 26.8 10.5 15.5 6.0 29.8 20.1 23.2 14.5
 I partly disagree (%) 10.8 9.3 11.5 14.6 12.2 21.1 13.2 13.3 16.5 12.0 12.7 14.2
 I fully disagree (%) 20.1 26.1 30.2 25.6 24.7 19.7 26.7 27.5 23.6 20.8 24.9 24.0
Autonomy-supportive (N) 715 615 590 514 719 645 655 608 578 478 3257 2860
 I fully agree (%) 52.9 66.7 43.6 68.1 61.9 83.3 49.8 77.8 26.5 47.7 47.9 69.9
 I partly agree (%) 23.4 22.4 15.6 21.0 15.4 12.7 22.3 14.1 28.4 37.4 20.9 20.7
 Neither nor (%) 10.2 7.0 18.8 6.8 13.9 2.9 11.9 3.0 23.9 10.7 15.4 5.8
 I partly disagree (%) 2.5 1.6 6.4 2.5 2.6 0.5 4.6 3.3 9.7 2.7 4.9 2.1
 I fully disagree (%) 11.0 2.3 15.6 1.6 6.1 0.6 11.5 1.8 11.6 1.5 11.0 1.5