Skip to main content

Table 2 Detailed causes of death among deaths from external causes, Karonga District Malawi, 2002–12

From: Patterns and risk factors for deaths from external causes in rural Malawi over 10 years: a prospective population-based study

Cause of death Children (<15 years) Adult Males (≥15 years) Adult females (≥15 years) Overall
  Deaths Ratea (95 % CIb) Deaths Ratea (95 % CIb) Deaths Ratea (95 % CIb) Deaths (%) Ratea (95 % CIb)
Unintentional         
Road injury 4 2.6 (1.0–7.0) 19 24.9 (15.9–40.0) 3 3.4 (1.1–1.7) 26 (18.2) 8.2 (5.6–12.1)
Drowning 14 9.2 (5.5–15.6) 12d 15.7 (8.9–27.7) 1d 1.1 (0.2–8.1) 27e(18.9) 8.6 (5.9–12.4)
Falls 3 2.0 (0.6–6.1) 2 2.6 (0.7–10.5) 5 5.7 (2.4–13.8) 10 (7.1) 3.2 (1.7–5.9)
Fire 3f 2.0 (0.6–6.1) 0   0   3f(2.1) 1.0 (0.3–2.9)
Alcohol poisoning 0   13 17.0 (9.9–29.3) 0   13 (9.1) 4.1 (2.4–7.1)
Other poisoning 4 2.6 (1.0–7.0) 0   0   4 (2.8) 1.3 (0.5–3.4)
Unspecifiable 1 0.7 (0.1–4.7) 0   0   1 (0.7) 0.3 (0.04–2.2)
Otherc 14 9.2 (5.5–15.6) 3 3.9 (1.3–12.2) 2 2.3 (0.6–9.2) 19 (13.2) 6.0 (3.8–9.4)
Intentional         
Assault 1 0.7 (0.1–4.7) 8 10.5 (5.2–20.9) 1 1.1 (0.2–8.1) 10 (7.0) 3.2 (1.7–5.9)
Suicide–hanging 0   13 17.0 (9.9–29.3) 2 2.3 (0.6–8.1) 15 (10.5) 4.7 (2.9–7.9)
Suicide–poison 0   4 5.2 (2.0–13.9) 3 3.4 (1.1–10.7) 7 (4.9) 2.2 (1.1–4.7)
Unknown intent 3g 2.0 (0.6–6.1) 3 3.9 (1.3–12.2) 2 2.3 (0.6–9.2) 8g(5.6) 2.5 (1.3–5.1)
TOTAL 47 30.9 (23.3–41.2) 77 100.7 (80.6–123.0) 19 21.8 (13.9–34.1) 143 45.3 (38.5–53.4)
  1. aRate expressed per 100,000 person-years-at-risk
  2. bCI: Confidence Interval
  3. cIncludes: 6 aspiration; 2 bee/wasp sting; 2 wall collapse; 1 crocodile attack; 1 lightning strike; 1 accidental child strangulation;1 Steven Johnson syndrome; 1 fractured cervical spine; 1 pail falling on them; 1 sudden death; 1 sepsis after knee puncture; 1 blow to head
  4. dTwo men and one woman were known to have epilepsy
  5. eIncludes: 15 in the lake; 5 in rivers/streams; 3 in wells, 1 in a drain; 1 in a basin
  6. fIncludes one child with epilepsy
  7. gIncludes two children found drowned, one of whom was known to have epilepsy
\