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Table 8 Hypotheses B, testing if exposure to violence by multiple perpetrators is more strongly associated to symptoms of psychological ill-health, than reporting violence from one kind of perpetrator (model 4)

From: Lifetime co-occurrence of violence victimisation and symptoms of psychological ill health: a cross-sectional study of Swedish male and female clinical and population samples

  Women Men
  Symptoms of psychological ill-health Symptoms of psychological ill-health
Number of kinds of   Few (score 1–6) Many (score 7–18)   Few (score 1–6) Many (score 7–18)
perpetrators N OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI N OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Population samples
One kind 255        916       
Two kinds 118 1.6 0.9 2.8 2.6 1.3 5.1 232 1.3 0.9 1.8 2.3 1.4 3.6
Three kinds 32 3.2 0.9 11.6 6.1 1.6 23.9 34 2.3 0.8 6.2 11.5 4.1 32.0
  R2= 0.13 (Cox & Snell), 0.15 (Nagelkerke). Model χ2(18) = 56.00 R2= 0.16 (Cox & Snell), 0.18 (Nagelkerke). Model χ2(18) = 197.16
Clinical samples
One kind 515        449       
Two kinds 190 1.3 0.9 2.0 2.5 1.6 4.1 138 1.7 1.1 2.6 3.3 1.9 5.9
Three kinds 56 3.8 1.4 10.2 8.5 3.1 23.8        
  R2= 0.11 (Cox & Snell), 0.13 (Nagelkerke). Model χ2(18) = 89.95 R2= 0.10 (Cox & Snell), 0.11 (Nagelkerke). Model χ2(16) = 60.66
  1. Note: Reference category is “no symptoms of psychological ill-health” (score 0). All models are adjusted for age, educational leveL, civil state and occupation