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Table 2 Cost of outbreaks of acute viral gastroenteritis due to norovirus by components. Catalonia, 2010–2011

From: Economic costs of outbreaks of acute viral gastroenteritis due to norovirus in Catalonia (Spain), 2010–2011

Item Closed institutional setting % Community setting % Weighted mean cost € Rates
Number of consultations 45 5.5 401 20.67 56.35/56.65 a 0.16 consultation/case/year
Hospitalizations 2 0.245 10 0.52 536 4.35 admissions/1000 cases/year
Treatment prescribed 267 32.7 185 9.5 3/3.01 a 16.4 % of cases
Antibiotics 4 0.50 17 0.83 3.34/2.95 a 0.76 % of cases
Laboratory diagnosis      
Polymerase chain reaction 476 58.13 589 30.36 66.25 38.64 % of cases
Bacteriology culture 476 58.13 589 30.36 46.38 38.64 % of cases
Transport of samples 476 58.13 589 30.36 66.70 38.64 % of cases
Surveillance unit time 76.25 h/outbreak ---- € 15.15/h ----- 38.22/44.06 a  
Transportation of cases 35 (1.2 Km/displacement) --- 409 (3 Km/displacement) ---- 0.3 €/Km 0.16 displacement/case
Work absenteeism 80 9.8 142 7.32 € 92.60 0.08 days/case
School absenteeism ----- ----- 231 11.9 21.25 0.084 days/case
Caregiver needs (days) 80 (4 h) 4.9 373 (4 h) 9.6 21.25 0.082 days/case
Transport time 35 displacements (2 h consultation) ----- 409 displacements/(2 h consultation) ----- €11.317/h -----
Total number of cases 816 29.6 1,940 70.4 2,756 18.3×103/cases/year
  1. aFirst value corresponds to closed setting and the second to community setting
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