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Table 7 Multivariate multilevel unordered multinomial regression of the effect of neighborhood social capital on patterns of health compromising behaviours (N = 1046), controlling for individual factors.

From: The different effects of neighbourhood and individual social capital on health-compromising behaviours in women during pregnancy: a multi-level analysis

  Stable risk behaviour group (Ref: Stable healthy behaviour) Positive behavioural change (Ref: Stable risk behaviour)
  Smokingb Alcohol consumptionb Inadequate dietb Smokingb Alcohol consumptionb Inadequate dietb
ORa (95 % CI) ORa (95 % CI) ORa (95 % CI) ORa (95 % CI) ORa (95 % CI) ORa (95 % CI)
Neighbourhood-level variables       
Neighbourhood social capital       
  Low social capital (1st tertile)    1.46 (1.01; 2.11)    1.13 (0.82; 1.59)
  Moderate social capital   (2nd tertile)    1.19 (0.80; 2.10)    0.83 (0.60; 1.14)
Social class     0.62 (0.36; 1.06)   0.64 (0.46; 0.90)
  Low social class (1st tertile) 1.74 (1.03; 2.93)   1.49 (1.03; 2.15) 0.57 (0.34; 0.93)   0.71 (0.52; 0.97)
  Moderate social class   (2nd tertile) 1.35 (0.77; 2.36)   1.13 (0.77; 1.67)    
Individual-level variables       
Individual Social Capital       
  Social support (per 10 points) 0.86 (0.77; 0.97) 0.96 (0.97; 1.00) 0.98 (0.97; 0.99) 1.27 (1.20; 1.35)   1.09 (1.02; 1.18)
  Social network       
   0–1 relatives 1.62 (1.02; 2.60)   1.06 (0.77; 1.46) 0.57 (0.34; 0.93)   1.41 (1.10; 2.06)
  Social network       
   0–1 friends    1.21 (0.83; 1.75)    
 Socioeconomic variables       
  Marital status       
   Has a partner, not living    with him 1.25 (0.76; 2.06   0.78 (0.53; 1.16)    1.16 (0.85; 1.57)
   Single without partner 2.38 (1.16; 4.88)   2.33 (1.30; 4.18)    0.59 (0.32; 1.08)
  Family income       
   < 1 BMWc    1.66 (1.20; 2.30)   0.32 (0.14; 0.70) 0.80 (0.59; 1.07)
  Years of schooling       
   0–4 years 3.56 (1.91; 6.66) 0.71 (0.15; 3.40) 1.86 (1.14; 3.05) 0.43 (0.21; 0.88) 0.73 (0.36; 1.47) 0.60 (0.40; 0.90)
   5–8 years 2.57 (1.54; 4.30) 2.67 (1.22; 5.88) 1.63 (1.14; 2.33) 0.40 (0.24; 0.66) (0.15 0.08; 0.26) 0.61 (0.49; 0.81)
Number of children       
2 children 1.27 (0.49; 3.27)   1.06 (0.72;1.57) 0.78 (0.45; 1.33)   
3 or more children 1.62 (0.72; 3.65)   1.17 (0.74;1.86) 0.85 (0.44; 1.67)   
Occupational context   1.72 (0.78; 3.78)     
   Without paid work    1.47 (1.05; 2.04)   0.35 (0.22; 0.57)  
Demographic variables       
  Age       
   13–19   2.37 (0.61; 9.23) 2.46 (1.39; 4.35) 1.35 (0.62; 2.92) 0.31 (0.15; 0.65)  
   20–30   2.46 (0.71; 8.51) 1.84 (1.20; 2.84) 1.15 (0.64; 2.08) 0.16 (0.09; 0.29)  
  Ethnicity       
   Brown    1.73 (1.21; 2.48) 0.57 (0.36; 0.92)   0.79 (0.58; 1.07)
   Black    1.78 (1.18; 2.69) 0.32 (0.17; 0.61)   0.81 (0.57; 1.15)
  1. Reference categories are in Table 3
  2. aOR were estimated using unordered multinomial logit model.
  3. bVariables adjusted for all other variables in the model.
  4. c1 Brazilian Minimal Wage (BMW) = US$ 178.00 in 2008