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Table 2 Self-esteem, social competence, and family cohesion by parental chronic pain status

From: Associations between parental chronic pain and self-esteem, social competence, and family cohesion in adolescent girls and boys – family linkage data from the HUNT study

  Maternal chronic pain Paternal chronic pain Concurrent maternal and paternal chronic pain Referenced
  n a Mean SE n Mean SE n Mean SE n Mean SE
Self-esteemb             
 Girls (n = 1594) 290 2.86 0.04 255 2.91 0.04 106 2.81 0.06 857 2.97 0.02
 Boys (n = 1633) 303 3.26 0.03 226 3.23 0.04 122 3.21 0.05 853 3.24 0.02
Social competencec             
 Girls (n = 1594) 291 3.72 0.05 255 3.76 0.05 106 3.56 0.08 851 3.79 0.03
 Boys (n = 1633) 302 4.02 0.04 222 3.90 0.05 120 4.03 0.07 840 3.91 0.03
Family cohesionc             
 Girls (n = 1594) 291 4.18 0.05 255 4.15 0.05 106 4.03 0.08 852 4.25 0.03
 Boys (n = 1633) 302 4.32 0.04 223 4.35 0.05 120 4.27 0.06 840 4.30 0.02
  1. aAll n are reported for complete cases, and the results are based on MI analyses. bRosenberg Self-Esteem scale, range from 1 to 4, where a high score indicates high self-esteem cResilience Scale for Adolescents (READ), range from 1 to 5, where a high score indicates high social competence and family cohesion