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Table 1 Health literacy score and Percentage of adequate health literacy by Participant characteristics

From: Health literacy in Beijing: an assessment of adults’ knowledge and skills regarding communicable diseases

Participant characteristics Number Health literacy score Percentage of adequate health literacy (score > =17)
Mean Std. P n % P
Gender         
  male 5344 15.1 4.11 <0.001 2112 39.5 0.002
  female 5701 15.44 4.02   2417 42.4  
Nationality        
  Han majority 10246 15.28 4.09 0.582 4219 41.2 0.244
  The minority 806 15.36 3.76   315 39.1  
Age group         
  18–29 2239 15.90 3.82 <0.001 1042 46.5 <0.001
  30–39 2180 16.09 3.85   1069 49  
  40–49 2195 15.53 3.68   910 41.5  
  50–59 2278 15.02 4.08   870 38.2  
  60- 2160 13.86 4.49   643 29.8  
Highest level of education        
  illiteracy 295 9.88 4.16 <0.001 17 5.8 <0.001
  primary school 1084 12.28 4.08   162 14.9  
  junior high school 3008 14.34 3.77   867 28.8  
  senior high school 3194 15.71 3.63   1390 43.5  
  college or above 3462 17.12 3.47   2098 60.6  
Occupation        
  students 378 15.86 3.96 <0.001 190 50.3 <0.001
  peasants 2973 13.81 4.14   779 26.2  
  manual workers 289 13.94 3.97   75 26  
  employee of enterprise 1888 16.53 3.49   1008 53.4  
  migrant workers 325 14.49 4.05   104 32  
  service workers 887 15.26 3.79   355 40  
  civil servants and public
institutions’ staff
1116 16.92 3.59   652 58.4  
  healthcare workers 303 18.96 3.25   236 77.9  
  retirees 1854 15.32 3.91   747 40.3  
  people waiting for employment 826 14.33 4.10   265 32.1  
  others 213 16.46 3.45   123 57.7  
Self-reported health status        
  excellent 2478 16.26 3.86 <0.001 1279 51.6 <0.001
  good 3980 15.59 3.92   1728 43.4  
  normal 4009 14.71 4.02   1374 34.3  
  bad 503 12.94 4.72   132 26.2  
  very bad 78 12.83 4.39   18 23.1  
Region         
  urban 5729 15.97 3.90 <0.001 2767 48.3 <0.001
  suburb 5323 14.54 4.12   1767 33.2  
Overall   11052 15.28 4.07   4534 41