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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of contextual and resource variables for samples Bolivia DHS 2008, Colombia DHS 2010 and Peru DHS 2012

From: Associations between intimate partner violence, childcare practices and infant health: findings from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru

   Bolivia 2008 (N = 3586) Colombia 2010 (N = 9955) Peru (N = 6260)
   N (%)a Mean SD N (%)a Mean SD N (%)a Mean SD
Contextual variables          
Residence Urban 2080 (58.0)    6359 (63.9)    3600 (57.5)   
Rural 1506 (42.0)    3596 (36.1)    2660 (42.5)   
Geographic regionb Altiplano/Bogotá/Andes 1308 (36.5)    451 (4.5)    2518 (40.2)   
Valle/Pacífica/Coast 1109 (30.9)    1285 (12.9)    2028 (32.4)   
Llano/Oriental/Amazonas 1169 (32.6)    1563 (15.7)    1714 (27.4)   
Caribbean     2136 (21.5)      
Amazonas-Orinoquía     2135 (21.4)      
Central     2385 (24.0)      
Number of household residents 3586 5.04 2.118 9955 5.56 2.385 6260 4.99 1.774
Number of children 0–59 months residing in household 3586 1.74 .783 9955 1.62 .802 6260 1.33 .597
Resource variables          
Household wealth Fifth (Richest) 717 (20.0)    1942 (19.5)    880 (18.0)   
Fourth 717 (20.0)    2013 (20.2)    933 (19.1)   
Third 717 (20.0)    2006 (20.2)    1031 (21.1)   
Second 717 (20.0)    1999 (20.1)    1021 (20.9)   
First 718 (20.0)    1995 (20.0)    1023 (20.9)   
Maternal education Secondary/higher 1324 (36.9)    3954 (39.7)    2835 (45.3)   
Incomplete secondary 560 (15.6)    2586 (26.0)    1194 (19.1)   
Complete primary 260 (7.2)    1508 (15.1)    913 (14.6)   
Incomplete primary 1366 (38.1)    1593 (16.0)    1111 (17.7)   
No education 76 (2.1)    314 (3.2)    207 (3.3)   
Sanitation Improved 988 (59.5)    7165 (72.0)    3201 (52.2)   
Unimproved 672 (40.5)    2790 (28.0)    2933 (47.8)   
Missing 1926       126   
  1. N.A. indicates information not available
  2. aValid percent, missing ignored
  3. bCountry specific regions are presented and distinguished by /
  4. N.A. indicates information not available