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Table 3 Odds ratio of male circumcision status to sexual behaviour, as a subset analysis of men who reported to have had sex (ages 15+ years)

From: Understanding the socio-economic and sexual behavioural correlates of male circumcision across eleven voluntary medical male circumcision priority countries in southeastern Africa

Country Zimbabwe Zambia Tanzania Swaziland Rwanda Namibia Mozambique Malawi Lesotho Kenya Ethiopia
N = 5,635 N = 5,587 N = 1,919 N = 2,930 N = 4,583 N = 3,370 N = 3,697 N = 6,156 N = 2,899 N = 2,926 N = 9,908
Alcohol consumption last time had sexa
 No Not in questionnaire (Referent) Not in questionnaire (Referent) Not in questionnaire (Referent) Not in questionnaire Not in questionnaire (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 Yes 0.83 1.37 1.03 1.20 1.72* 0.87
Safe Sexual Behaviourb
 Yes (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 No 1.05 1.19 0.54* 1.02 0.46* 0.78* 1.14 1.16 2.12* 1.83* 0.55*
Total lifetime sexual partnersc
 1 (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 2 1.06 1.32 0.72 1.18 1.05 1.41 1.47* 1.76* 0.95 1.14 1.00
 3+ 1.42* 1.84* 0.93 2.23* 1.71* 2.23* 3.32* 2.05* 1.45* 1.04 0.96
No. of wives/partners (currently)d
 1 (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
  > 1 0.85 1.14 0.89 1.3 0.65 1.84 0.82 1.13 1.67 0.38* 0.34*
Age at first sexe
 30+ (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 25–29 0.70 1.69 0.26 1.09 1.01 1.79 2.12 0.60 1.42 1.14 0.64
 20–24 0.74 1.46 0.11* 0.85 1.03 1.56 2.94 0.79 1.72 1.54 0.90
 15–19 0.78 1.95 0.14 0.68 1.22 2.34 7.44 1.32 1.35 0.77 0.92
  < 14 1.05 3.04 0.21 0.85 1.06 3.42* 10.1* 1.47 0.92 0.55 0.90
STDs/STIs in the last 12 monthsf
 No (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 Yes 1.18 1.05 0.49* 0.65 0.63* 1.68* 0.91 1.06 1.25 0.29* 0.45*
  1. Note: Out of a total of 62,877 participants, 13,267 said they did not have sex. Hence, only the remaining N = 49,610 was included in this subset analysis of sexual behaviour
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. a11.3 % (Ethiopia) to 18.9 % (Namibia) has missing information for alcohol consumption during sex
  4. b1.9 % (Mozambique) to 18.7 % (Namibia) participants has missing information on safe sexual behaviour
  5. c0.53 % (Rwanda) to 12.9 % (Mozambiqu) participants said “don’t know” when asked for total lifetime partners
  6. d20.4 % (Ethiopia) to 65.5 % (Swazilan) participants has missing information for No. of wives or partners currently
  7. e0.21 % (Kenya) to 6.0 % (Lesotho) participants said “don’t know” for age at first sex
  8. f0.11 % (Mozambique, Zambia) to 14.2 % (Swaziland) participants missing information for presence of STDs/STIs