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Table 1 Characteristics of news items on restaurants/bars voluntarily going smokefree, 1995-2011 (N = 986)

From: “Tired of watching customers walk out the door because of the smoke”: a content analysis of media coverage of voluntarily smokefree restaurants and bars

Variable Number Percent
News source   
 Local newspaper 884 89.7
 News wire 90 9.1
 National newspapera 8 .8
 Web-based 3 .3
 General audience magazine 1 .1
Geographic region   
 West 87 8.8
 Midwest 378 38.3
 South 259 26.3
 Northeast 160 16.2
 Nationalb 102 10.3
Story type   
 News/feature 701 71.1
 Blurbc 55 5.6
 Editorial/op-ed 118 12.0
 Letter to the Editor 61 6.2
 Column 30 3.0
 Press release 21 2.1
 Op-ed/letter/column/press release written by health advocate 23 11.0
Prominence (newspapers only; n = 892)   
 Front page 119 13.3
 First page of section 173 19.4
 Photo 214 24.0
Business type   
 Restaurant 647 65.6
 Bar/restaurant combination 135 13.7
 Both restaurants and bars 112 11.4
 Bar 66 6.7
 Unclear 26 2.6
  1. aThe New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Christian Science Monitor, and USA Today
  2. bNews items published in national newspapers, magazines, or on the web, and news items broadcast by National Public Radio or by national television news (CNN, NBC, CBS, FOX, and ABC)
  3. cBrief announcement, often included in summaries of current events