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Table 2 Summary of the relative risks (ratios) of major cardiovascular outcomes and total mortality

From: Alcohol intake and associated risk of major cardiovascular outcomes in women compared with men: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies

Outcomes Categories of alcohol intake Men (RR and 95 % CI) Women (RR and 95 % CI) Women compared with men (RRR and 95 % CI)
Coronary disease Low 0.67 (0.47–0.97)* 0.70 (0.51–0.97)* 1.01 (0.84–1.21)
Moderate 0.68 (0.50–0.93)* 0.70 (0.52–0.94)* 0.96 (0.75–1.23)
Heavy 0.69 (0.49–0.96)* 0.66 (0.44–0.99)* 0.90 (0.66–1.22)
Total mortality Low 0.74 (0.60–0.92)* 0.87 (0.71–1.07) 1.07 (0.98–1.17)
Moderate 0.80 (0.68–0.95)* 0.95 (0.83–1.08) 1.10 (1.00–1.21)*
Heavy 1.00 (0.81–1.22) 1.20 (0.99–1.46) 1.09 (0.99–1.21)
Cardiac death Low 0.93 (0.85–1.01) 0.84 (0.71–0.99)* 0.93 (0.83–1.04)
Moderate 0.85 (0.78–0.92)* 0.86 (0.68–1.08) 0.99 (0.87–1.14)
Heavy 0.93 (0.70–1.23) 1.04 (0.74–1.46) 1.14 (0.99–1.32)
Stroke Low 0.89 (0.79–1.00) 0.89 (0.76–1.06) 0.99 (0.83–1.16)
Moderate 0.91 (0.81–1.02) 0.79 (0.69–0.91)* 0.90 (0.74–1.10)
Heavy 1.19 (0.93–1.52) 1.37 (0.92–2.04) 1.35 (0.77–2.35)
Ischemic stroke Low 0.83 (0.69–0.99)* 0.79 (0.68–0.92)* 0.94 (0.74–1.20)
Moderate 0.91 (0.77–1.08) 0.81 (0.67–0.96)* 0.88 (0.66–1.16)
Heavy 1.18 (0.96–1.44) 1.12 (0.86–1.45) 1.04 (0.80–1.36)
  1. *P < 0.05