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Table 1 Contraceptive use by couples Jimma zone, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Couple based family planning education: changes in male involvement and contraceptive use among married couples in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia

  Total Control group Intervention group Odds ratio
     crude adjusted
At baseline 328/772 (42.5 %) 164/379 (43.3 %) 164/393 (41.7 %) 0.94 (p = 0.665) 0.98 (p = 0.905)
At follow-up 351/771 (45.5 %) 165/380 (43.4 %) 186/391 (47.6 %) 1.18 (p = 0.248) 1.25 (p = 0.159)
Contraceptive use at follow-up according to use of contraception at baseline  
Users at baseline 248/328 (75.6 %) 127/164 (77.4 %) 121/164 (73.8 %) 0.82 (p = 0.441) 0.92 (p = 0.772)
Non-users at baselinea 102/442 (23.1 %) 37/215 (17.2 %) 65/227 (28.6 %) 1.93 (p = 0.005) 1.90 (p = 0.014)
- no need 59/225 (26.2 %) 23/105 (21.9 %) 36/120 (30 %) 1.53 (p = 0.168) 1.14 (p = 0.680)
- not willing or not allowed 3/26 (11.5 %) 1/16 (6.2 %) 2/10 (20 %) 3.75 (p = 0.286) 2.30 (p = 0.528)
- lack of knowledge 26/109 (23.9 %) 10/69 (14.5 %) 16/40 (40 %) 3.93 (p = 0.003) 2.77 (p = 0.034)
- too expensive 3/5 (60 %) 1/2 (50 %) 2/3 (66.7 %) 2 (p = 0.709) 1.30 (p = 0.888)
  1. aReasons for not using contraceptives at baseline labeled as “no need” include wanting another child, recently married, and recently given birth; “not willing or not allowed” include being against family planning, not allowed by the spouse, not allowed by the family, and not allowed by the religion; “lack of knowledge” include not knowing methods of contraception, fear of side effects, and not knowing where to get contraception. Only 303 out of 442 couples that were not using any form of contraception at baseline reported one or more reasons for this. Categories are not mutually exclusive