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Table 2 The Symptom Iceberg – Prevalence of self-reported symptoms in the previous 4 weeks and the proportion of GP contacts. Ranked from 1 to 44 according to proportion of symptoms in the study population

From: Self-reported symptoms and healthcare seeking in the general population -exploring “The Symptom Iceberg”

  Proportion with symptoms Proportion with GP contacts
  N % [95 % CI] Rank N % [95 % CI]
Tiredness 24 537 49.8 [49.4–50.3] 1 4 907 20.2 [19.7–20.7]
Night-time urination 23 935 48.7 [48.2–49.1] 2 3 024 12.8 [12.3–13.2]
Lack of energy 18 472 37.5 [37.1–37.9] 3 3 599 19.7 [19.1–20.3]
Headache 17 978 36.5 [36.1–37.0] 4 3 159 17.7 [17.2–18.3]
Back pain 15 925 32.3 [31.9–32.8] 5 5 490 34.9 [34.1–35.6]
Abdominal bloating 14 712 29.8 [29.4–30.2] 6 1 864 12.9 [12.3–13.4]
Memory problems 9 824 19.9 [19.6–20.3] 7 1 771 18.3 [17.6–19.1]
Abdominal pain 9 765 19.6 [19.4–20.1] 8 2 659 27.8 [26.9–28.7]
Erectile dysfunctiona 4 289 19.3 [18.8–19.8] 9 1 362 32.1 [30.7–33.5]
Coughing 8 804 17.9 [17.5–18.2] 10 2 120 24.4 [23.5–25.3]
Concentration problems 8 662 17.6 [17.2–17.9] 11 1 742 20.4 [19.6–21.3]
Change in stool texture 8 543 17.3 [17.0–17.6] 12 1 260 15.0 [14.3–15.8]
Dizziness 7 889 16.0 [15-7-16-3] 13 2 407 30.9 [29.9–32.0]
Pelvic paina 3 963 15.4 [14.9–15.8] 14 1 008 25.8 [24.4–27.2]
Feeling unwell 7 411 15.0 [14.7–15.4] 15 2 065 28.3 [27.3–29.3]
Constipation 7 231 14.7 [14.3–15.0] 16 970 13.6 [12.9–14.5]
Increase in waist circumference 6 548 13.3 [13.0–13.7] 17 733 11.4 [10.6–12.2]
Change in stool frequency 6 466 13.1 [12.8–13.4] 18 1 009 15.9 [15.0–16.8]
Diarrhoea 6 385 12.9 [12.7–13.2] 19 1 057 16.8 [15.9–17.7]
Nausea 6 256 12.6 [12.3–12.9] 20 1 264 20.6 [19.6–21.6]
Swollen legs 6 056 12.3 [12.0–12.6] 21 2 224 37.2 [36.0–38.5]
Difficulty in emptying the bladder 5 731 11.6 [11.4–11.9] 22 1 534 27.1 [26.0–28.3]
Frequent urination 5 234 10.6 [10.4–10.9] 23 1 362 26.5 [25.3–27.7]
Pelvic pain during intercoursea 2 091 10.2 [9.8–10.6] 24 552 26.6 [24.8–28.6]
Stress incontinence 4 797 9.8 [9.5–10.0] 25 852 18.0 [16.8–19.1]
Shortness of breath 3 960 8.0 [7.8–8.3] 26 1 936 49.7 [48.1–51.2]
Hoarseness 3 782 7.7 [7.4–7.9] 27 698 18.7 [17.5–20.0]
Urge incontinence 3 080 6.3 [6.0–6.5] 28 790 26.1 [24.5–27.6]
Loss of appetite 3 079 6.3 [6.0–6.5] 29 586 19.4 [18.1–20.9]
Blood in stool/rectal bleeding 2 285 4.6 [4.4–4.8] 30 758 33.7 [31.8–35.7]
Fever 1 952 4.0 [3.8–4.1] 31 517 26.8 [24.9–28.8]
Difficulty swallowing 1 727 3.5 [3.3–3.7] 32 586 34.9 [32.6–37.2]
Weight loss 1 490 3.0 [2.9–3.2] 33 363 25.1 [23.0–27.4]
Vaginal bleeding after intercoursea 612 3.0 [2.8–3.2] 34 187 30.9 [27.2–34.7]
Incontinence without stress/urge 1 158 2.3 [2.2–2.5] 35 383 33.8 [31.1–36.6]
Postmenopausal bleedinga 370 2.3 [2.1–2.5] 36 118 33.1 [28.2–38.2]
Pain/burning when urinating 1 046 2.1 [2.0–2.3] 37 489 47.8 [44.7–50.8]
Lump/swollen lymph nodes 811 1.6 [1.5–1.8] 38 332 41.5 [38.1–45.0]
Black stool 779 1.6 [1.5–1.7] 39 132 17.3 [14.8–20.2]
Repeated vomiting 643 1.3 [1.2–1.4] 40 208 33.6 [30.0–37.4]
Blood in urine 284 0.6 [0.5–0.7] 41 202 73.2 [67.6–78.1]
Blood in semena 94 0.4 [0.3–0.5] 42 45 48.9 [38.7–59.2]
Coughing up blood 62 0.1 [0.1–0.2] 43 29 47.5 [35.1–60.3]
Blood in vomit 54 0.1 [0.1–0.1] 44 17 37.0 [23.9–52.2]
  1. a Gender specific symptoms