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Table 2 Number (n), prevalence (%) and associations (odds ratios) of poor self-perceived and poor mental health according to employment conditions by sex in Central America, 2011

From: Informal employment and health status in Central America

  Poor self-perceived health Poor mental health
  n % OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI) n % OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI)
Women         
 Social security coverage         
  Yes 331 25.4 1.00 1.00 297 24.5 1.00 1.00
  No 1,099 37.5 1.76 (1.52; 2.04)*** 1.38 (1.13; 1.67)** 874 31.9 1.44 (1.23; 1.68)*** 1.19 (0.98; 1.45)
 Employment relations         
  Employees 495 26.5 1.00 1.00 468 26.9 1.00 1.00
  Self-employed 615 38.7 1.75 (1.52; 2.02)*** 1.27 (1.05; 1.54)* 502 33.6 1.38 (1.18; 1.60)*** 1.09 (0.90; 1.32)
  Employers with fewer than 5 employees 338 41.4 1.96 (1.65; 2.33)*** 1.33 (1.07; 1.65)* 217 28.4 1.08 (0.89; 1.30) 0.91 (0.72; 1.15)
 Type of contract (for employees)         
  Written contract 287 24.6 1.00 1.00 257 23.4 1.00 1.00
  Oral or no contract 203 29.6 1.29 (1.05; 1.60)* 1.47 (1.13; 1.93)** 205 32.7 1.60 (1.29; 1.99)*** 1.32 (1.01; 1.71)*
 Total 1,447 33.8    1,187 29.7   
Men         
 Social security coverage         
  Yes 281 18.9 1.00 1.00 306 21.5 1.00 1.00
  No 923 31.0 1.94 (1.66; 2.25)*** 1.36 (1.13; 1.63)** 799 28.6 1.46 (1.26; 1.70)*** 1.15 (0.95; 1.38)
 Employment relations         
  Employees 469 21.7 1.00 1.00 488 24.1 1.00 1.00
  Self-employed 452 32.2 1.71 (1.47; 1.99)*** 1.22 (1.02; 1.45)* 386 28.9 1.29 (1.10; 1.50)** 1.00 (0.83; 1.20)
  Employers with fewer than 5 employees 296 31.0 1.62 (1.37; 1.93)*** 1.20 (0.99; 1.45)a 244 26.9 1.16 (0.97; 1.39) 1.04 (0.85; 1.27)
 Type of contract (for employees)         
  Written contract 244 19.0 1.00 1.00 257 20.9 1.00 1.00
  Oral or no contract 214 24.8 1.41 (1.14; 1.73)*** 1.13 (0.88; 1.44) 221 28.2 1.48 (1.20; 1.82)*** 1.26 (0.99; 1.61)b
 Total 1,217 26.9    1,117 26.2   
  1. OR odds ratio, 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval, aOR adjusted odds ratio for age, country, and occupation
  2. *p-value < 0.05 **p-value <0.01 ***p-value < 0.001
  3. ap-value <0.06 bp-value <0.08