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Table 2 Prevalence (%) of modifiable CVD risk factors among adolescents by sex

From: High prevalence and clustering of modifiable CVD risk factors among rural adolescents in southwest Nigeria: implication for grass root prevention

CVD risk factors Prevalence % (95% CI) Prevalence % (95% CI) Prevalence % (95% CI)
Group Male Female
Smoking/tobaccoa 7.14 (5.59–8.68) 10.2 (7.5–12.8) 4.5 (2.8–6.2)
Excessive alcohol usea 10.2 (8.3–12.0) 16.3 (13.1–19.6) 4.9 (3.1–6.6)
Low fruit diet 8.4 (6.7–10.1) 10.4 (7.7–13.0) 6.8 (4.7–8.8)
Low vegetable diet 6.0 (4.6–7.4) 6.8 (4.6–8.9) 5.4 (3.5–7.2)
High salt diet 65.7 (62.9–68.6) 63.0 (58.8–67.2) 68.3 (64.5–72.1)
High animal lipid diet 59.6 (56.7–62.5) 61.2 (56.9–65.4) 58.2 (54.2–62.3)
High BMIa 15.1 (12.9–17.2) 15.0 (11.8–18.1) 15.2 (12.3–18.2)
Abdominal obesity 3.7 (2.6–4.8) 1.8 (0.6–3.0) 5.4 (3.5–7.2)
Low physical activitya 27.9 (25.2–30.6) 21.9 (18.3–25.5) 33.1 (29.3–37.0)
  1. asignificant gender differences
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