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Table 4 Rescue methods and causes of experiencing difficulties among 416 rescuers

From: Mortality among drowning rescuers in China, 2013: a review of 225 rescue incidents from the press

  N (%)
Rescue methods
 Swimming to the victim 245 58.9
 Pulling in water close to the shore 88 21.2
 Giving an extension(e.g., pole, lifeline) 45 10.8
 Pulling on shore 34 8.2
 Pulling by standing on the boat 19 4.6
 Throw the floats 18 4.3
 Total 416  
Cause of experiencing difficulties
 Being a non-swimmer 36 37.1
 Exhaustion 30 30.9
 Bad water conditions (e.g., torrent, turbulence) 28 28.9
 Steep edge 13 13.4
 Other (e.g., cold, electric shock) 7 7.2
 Total 97