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Table 2 Standardised multimorbidity prevalence by age category, with 2003 GDP per capita (in US$)

From: Multimorbidity and the inequalities of global ageing: a cross-sectional study of 28 countries using the World Health Surveys

  Prevalence by age category (95 % CI) Prevalence (95 % CI)a GDP (US $)b
  18-49 50-64 65+
Myanmar 1.30 (1.0 - 1.60 ) 1.9 (1.0 - 2.7) 3.1 (1.7 – 4.5) 1.7 (1.4 – 2.0) 200.0
Nepal 10.1 (9.3 – 10.9) 24.8 (22.2 – 27.5) 30.2 (26.2 - 34.1) 15.2 (14.3 – 16.0) 264.0
Burkina Faso 4.8 (4.1 – 5.5) 9.7 (7.2 -12.2) 13.0 (9.0 - 16.9) 6.3 (5.6 – 7.0) 332.0
Laos 2.5 (2.0 – 3.0) 6.5 (4.6 – 8.4) 5.3 (2.7 – 7.8) 3.6 (3.1 – 4.1) 358.0
Bangladesh 2.9 (2.4 – 3.4) 10.9 (8.6 – 13.2) 12.6 (9.2 – 16.1) 6.8 (6.1- 7.5) 419.0
Kenya 2.1 (1.6- 2.5) 3.2 (1.8- 4.6) 11.5 (8.1 – 14.9) 4.2 (3.6 - 4.8) 440.0
Pakistan 3.4 (2.9 - 3.9) 8.7 (6.8 – 10.6) 14.8 (11.1- 18.5) 4.9 (4.3 – 5.4) 597.0
Ghana 2.0 (1.5 – 2.5) 4.4 (2.8 – 5.9) 6.6 (4.3 – 9.0) 3.6 (3.0 – 4.2) 603.0
Georgia 4.0 (3.0 - 5.1) 15.0 (11.8- 18.1) 27.1 (23.3 – 30.9) 9.6 (8.4 – 10.8) 874.0
Sri Lanka 1.2 (0.9 – 1.5) 6.6 (5.2- 8.1) 9.6 (7.1 - 12.0) 3.9 (3.4 – 4.3) 968.0
Philippines 3.8 (3.4 - 4.3) 12.0 (10.3 - 13.7) 17.2 (14.1 – 20.3) 7.1 (6.6 - 7.7) 1016.0
Ukraine 3.3 (2.4 - 4.2) 17.8 (14.6 – 20.9) 31.6 (27.1 – 36.1) 10.0 (8.8 – 11.1) 1049.0
Paraguay 3.2 (2.7 - 3.8) 9.4 (7.2 – 11.5) 12.0 (9.0 – 15.0) 5.7 (5.1 – 6.4) 1159.0
Morocco 3.0 (2.5 - 3.6) 13.6 (11.1- 16.1) 17.5 (13.8 - 21.1) 6.4 (5.7 – 7.1) 1684.0
Kazakhstan 1.5 (1.1 – 1.9) 10.1 (7.9 – 12.3) 45.1 (37.4 – 52.8) 8.5 (7.6 – 9.4) 2109.0
Bosnia & Herz 2.3 (1.0 – 3.5) 11.7 (7.3- 16.0) 30.2 (22.7 – 37.7) 7.6 (5.9 – 9.3) 2182.0
Dominican Republic 4.5 (3.7 - 5.2) 15.7 (13.0 – 18.5) 18.5 (14.9 – 22.1) 7.2 (6.4 – 8.0) 2210.0
Namibia 4.5 (3.7 - 5.2) 11.9 (8.9 – 14.9) 17.7 (13.4 – 21.9) 7.9 (7.0 - 8.8) 2489.0
Brazil 8.1 (7.1 – 9.0) 21.4 (18.4 - 24.4) 28.0 (23.7 – 32.3) 13.4 (12.4 - 14.5) 3039.0
South Africa 5.0 (3.9 – 6.0) 21.6 (16.6 – 26.6) 30.1 (20.6- 39.7) 11.2 (9.8 - 12.5) 3589.0
Uruguay 4.1 (3.2 - 5.0) 12.4 (9.7 – 15.1) 17.0 (13.5 - 20.5) 7.3 (6.3 – 8.2) 3622.0
Malaysia 2.0 (1.6 - 2.5) 9.6 (7.8 – 11.4) 14.6 (11.2 – 17.9) 5.6 (5.0- 6.2) 4607.0
Mauritius 3.3 (2.6 – 3.9) 15.8 (12.8 – 18.7) 19.3 (14.9 - 23.6) 7.8 (6.9 – 8.6) 4830.0
Latvia 2.7 (1.1 – 4.3) 16.0 (10.7 - 21.2) 35.6 (28.1- 43.0) 9.6 (7.5 – 11.7) 4872.0
Estonia 6.2 (4.0 – 8.4) 14.4 (9.9 – 18.8) 34.4 (26.8 – 41.9) 11.5 (9.4 - 13.6) 7350.0
Hungary 7.8 (5.8 – 9.9) 27.9 (22.5 – 33.3) 32.3 (26.2 – 38.3) 15.0 (13.0- 17.1) 8237.0
Czech Republic 3.5 (1.8 – 5.1) 11.6 (7.2 – 16.0) 39.4 (30.8 – 48.0) 9.4 (7.4 – 11.4) 9339.0
Spain 3.1 (2.5 – 3.8) 15.3 (13.3 – 17.3) 22.6 (20.5 – 24.6) 7.8 (7.1 - 8.5) 21035.0
  1. World Mean Prevalence 7.8 (7.8-7.8)
  2. aMultimorbidity prevalence ( ≥2 chronic conditions) standardised to the WHO Standard Population; bNational GDP per capita from the UN Division Statistical Division, 2003