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Table 2 Parental weight change in relation to child weight change during each transition

From: Parental weight changes as key predictors of child weight changes

0-4 years to 4–8 years Child Weight Change cRR aRR (95 % CI)
Positive Changea Negative Changeb
(N = 181) n (%) (N = 303) n (%)
Father Weight Changec    0.64 0.74 (0.42 – 1.31)
  Positive Change 8 (29.6) 19 (70.4)
  Negative Change 87 (46.3) 101 (53.7)
Mother Weight Changed    1.74* 1.57* (1.03 – 2.41)
  Positive Change 25 (54.3) 21 (45.7)
  Negative Change 48 (31.2) 106 (68.8)
  Positive Changea Negative Changeb cRR aRR (95 % CI)
4-8 years to 7-11 years (N = 507) n (%) (N = 162) n (%)   
Father Weight Changec    1.17 0.97 (0.68 – 1.39)
  Positive Change 33 (67.3) 16 (32.7)
  Negative Change 71 (57.7) 52 (42.3)
Mother Weight Changed    1.36* 1.19* (1.01 – 1.41)
  Positive Change 66 (85.7) 11 (14.3)
  Negative Change 119 (63.0) 70 (37.0)
  Positive Changea Negative Changeb cRR aRR (95 % CI)
7-11 years to 14–18 years (N = 206) n (%) (N = 390) n (%)
Father Weight Changec    0.95 0.98 (0.62 – 1.56)
  Positive Change 19 (38.0) 31 (62.0)
  Negative Change 55 (39.9) 83 (60.1)
Mother Weight Changed    1.09 1.26 (0.77 – 2.07)
  Positive Change 20 (35.7) 36 (64.3)
  Negative Change 60 (32.8) 123 (67.2)
  1. Note. cRR = Crude Relative Risk; aRR = Adjusted Relative Risk; CI = Confidence Interval
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. aFrom overweight to normal, from obese to overweight or normal
  4. bFrom normal to overweight or obese, from overweight to obese, from overweight to overweight, from obese to obese
  5. cAdjusted for father’s education, parental BMI, and residence
  6. dAdjusted for mother’s education, parental BMI, and residence