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Table 1 Sociodemographic and behavioural profiles of the SPORTSMART sample compared to the general populationa

From: Examining the potential public health benefit of offering STI testing to men in amateur football clubs: evidence from cross-sectional surveys

Sample: General populationa SPORTSMART  
Denominator 623, 409b 192 Odds ratioc (95 % CI) adjusted for:
  Age-adjusted % (95 % CI) Age-adjusted % (95 % CI) Age & educational attainmentd Age, educational attainmentd & partner numbers
Sociodemographics    
  Aged under 25 years 21.7 %e (17.8–26.0 %) 32.8 %e (26.5–39.8 %) - -
  Educational attainment: Has a degree (or higher) qualification 52.2 % (46.3–58.1 %) 65.1 % (60.0–70.3 %) 1.83 (1.26–2.65) p = 0.002 -
  Relationship status: Cohabiting with a partner 53.8 % (48.9–58.8 %) 47.8 % (42.1–53.5 %) 0.64 (0.40–1.01) p = 0.057  
  Currently has regular sexual partner(s) 60.6 % (55.3–65.9 %) 76.5 % (71.6–81.3 %) 1.92 (1.25–2.97) p = 0.003 -
Sexual partners, past year    
  At least 1 partner 90.0 % (87.5–92.5 %) 97.0 % (94.6–99.4 %) 4.51 (1.84–11.1) p = 0.001 -
  At least 2 partners 20.0 % (16.3–23.8 %) 40.2 % (33.6–46.8 %) 3.25 (2.15–4.92) p < 0.001 -
  Concurrent partners 7.6 % (5.0–10.1 %) 17.2 % (12.6–21.8) 2.05 (1.39–3.02) p < 0.001 0.93 (0.50–1.76) p = 0.829
  At least 1 same-sex partner 3.6 % (1.7–5.4 %) 3.7 % (1.1–6.3 %) 1.30 (0.53–3.20) p = 0.564 0.63 (0.16–2.42) p = 0.499
  Paid for sex 2.1 % (<0.1–4.2 %) 2.8 % (0.1–4.9 %) 3.33 (1.04–10.7) p = 0.043 2.53 (0.75–8.60) p = 0.136
Non-use of condoms, past year     
  Non-use of condoms on at least one occasion 70.0 % (64.6–75.6 %) 81.4 % (76.0–86.9 %) 2.17 (1.39–3.41) p = 0.001 1.57 (0.93–2.64) p = 0.089
  At least 2 partners & no condom use during this time 4.2 % (2.2–6.2 %) 5.0 % (2.2–7.7 %) 2.10 (1.02–4.33) p = 0.044 0.92 (0.36–2.40) p = 0.879
STI/HIV risk perception     
  “Not at all at risk” of STIs 57.5 % (51.8–63.3 %) 51.9 % (45.6–58.1 %) 0.79 (0.54–1.15) p = 0.224 1.25 (0.76–2.04) p = 0.382
  “Not at all at risk” of HIV 62.5 % (57.1–67.9 %) 58.8 % (52.8–64.9 %) 0.93 (0.63–1.37) p = 0.726 1.54 (0.93–2.55) p = 0.094
Sexual health outcomes    
  STI testing, past yearf,g 15.5 % (12.0–19.0 %) 16.7 % (11.6–21.7 %) 1.25 (0.75–2.06) p = 0.389 0.83 (0.44–1.54) p = 0.547
  STI diagnosis/es, ever 13.9 % (9.8–17.9 %) 16.3 % (11.3–21.3 %) 1.07 (0.61–1.86) p = 0.815 0.69 (0.35–1.34) p = 0.272
  1. aGeneral population defined as men aged 18–44 years resident in London who participated in Natsal-3
  2. bWeighted, unweighted denominators for Natsal-3; unweighted for SPORTSMART study
  3. cReference category is the general population sample
  4. dIn the multivariable analyses, educational attainment is categorised as reporting having a degree or postgraduate qualification vs. else
  5. eUnadjusted percentages. Corresponding p-value: 0.004
  6. fWhere the SPORTSMART survey asked about their experience of STI testing, the question specified: “Do not include testing with SPORTSMART at your football club”
  7. gThe question in Natsal-3 corresponds just to testing for Chlamydia
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