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Table 3 Clinical and biochemical risk factors among high risk and not high risk study participants

From: Clinical and biochemical characterization of high risk and not high risk for cardiovascular disease adults in a population from peripheral region of Bangladesh

Variablesa High risk (n = 1170) Not high risk (n = 563) P value*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 138 ± 21 117 ± 17 <0.001
Normal (≤140 mmHg) 737 (64.9) 512 (90.9) <0.001
High (≥140 mmHg) 399 (35.1) 51 (9.1)  
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 86 ± 11 75 ± 10 <0.001
Normal (≤90 mmHg) 885 (77.9) 536 (95.2) <0.001
High (≥90 mmHg) 251 (22.1) 27 (4.8)  
Hypertension    
Normotensive 473 (40.4) 475 (84.4)  
Pre-hypertensive 512 (43.8) 68 (12.1) 0.001
Hypertensive 185 (15.8) 20 (3.6)  
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l) 5.41 ± 1.76 5.12 ± 1.55 <0.001
2 h after 75gm glucose (mmol/l) 6.78 ± 3.37 5.79 ± 2.60 <0.001
Glycemic Status    
Non diabetic 808 (69.1) 412 (73.2)  
Pre-diabetic 198 (16.9) 68 (12.1) 0.015
Diabetic 164 (14.0) 83 (14.7)  
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 186 ± 42 180 ± 56 0.040
<200 normal 853 (74.3) 458 (81.8)  
200.01 - 240 border line high 206 (17.9) 80 (14.3) <0.001
>240.01 high 89 (7.8) 22 (3.9)  
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 152 ± 77 140 ± 71 0.002
<150 normal 705 (61.5) 388 (69.3)  
150.01-200 border line high 231 (20.2) 105 (18.8) <0.001
>200.01 high 210 (18.3) 67 (12.0)  
HDL (mg/dl) 41 ± 8 40 ± 8 0.044
Normal (male >40, Female >50) 333 (28.5) 207 (36.8) 0.001
Risk (male < 40, Female < 50) 837 (71.5) 356 (63.2)  
LDL (mg/dl) 114 ± 38 111 ± 53 0.198
Normal (LDL < 100) 417 (35.6) 225 (40.0)  
Near normal (LDL ≥ 100.01 & < 130) 412 (35.2) 178 (31.6) 0.844
High (LDL ≥ 130.01 & < 190) 266 (22.7) 101 (17.9)  
Very high (LDL > 190.01) 75 (6.4) 59 (10.5)  
Dyslipidaemia    
No 163 (14.2) 59 (10.5) 0.026
Yes 983 (85.8) 501 (89.5)  
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.97 ± 0.16 0.99 ± 0.12 0.002
Normal 1085 (97.0) 515 (98.1) 0.181
Abnormal 33 (3.0) 10 (1.9)  
  1. *For continuous variables p-values were obtained by doing independent samples t-test and for categorical variable from chi-squared test
  2. aValues expressed as numbers and percentages in parentheses